Extraction And Phytochemical Screening of Ethanol Extract And Simplicia of Moringa Leaf (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) From Sidikalang, North Sumatera

  • Ricky Andi Syahputra Department of Chemistry, Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Ani Sutiani Department of Chemistry, Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Pasar Maulim Silitonga Department of Chemistry, Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Zulmai Rani Department of Pharmacy, Universitas Muslim Nusantara Al Washliyah, North Sumatera, Indonesia
  • Amelia Kudadiri Department of Chemistry, Universitas Negeri Medan
Keywords: Moringa Leaf, Phytochemical Screening, Characterization


Moringa leaf is a plant that has many uses that comes from the family Moringaceae and it is a tropical plant that is familiar to Indonesian people. Pharmacologically, this plant extract is reported to have antimicrobial and fungicide and it is rich in antioxidants. This metabolite compound contained in Moringa leaves has the potential as an antioxidant, antibacterial, functional and others. This study aims to determine the simplicia characterization of Moringa leaves and to determine the secondary metabolites contained in Moringa leaves, both Moringa leaf powder and Moringa leaf extract. The method of this research is experimental including the simplicia making and ethanol extract of Moringa leaves by maceration method, simplicia characterization and phytochemical screening. The results of the simplicia characterization of Moringa leaves for ethanol soluble extract content was 10,9% and water-soluble extract content was 15,8%, ash content was 9,6% and acid insoluble ash content was 0,6% and water content was 8%. The results of this study also showed that the simplicia powder and ethanol extract of Moringa leaves contained flavonoid, tannin, alkaloid, steroid and saponin.


Download data is not yet available.


Astarina, N.W.G., K.W. Astuti, and N.K. Warditiani. (2013). Phytochemical Screening of Bangle Rhizome Methanol Extract. (Zingiber Purpureum Roxb). Journal of Pharmacy. Universitas Udayana. Bali.

Benabdesselam, F, M., et al., (2007). Antioxidant activities of Alkaloid extracts of two Algerian species of Fumaria: Fumaria capreolata and Fumaria Bastardii. ACG Publications Rec. Nat. Prod 1:2-3 (2007) 28-35

Chuang PH, et al.. (2006). Anti-fungal activity of crude extracts and essential oil of Moringa oleifera Lam. Journal of Bioresource Technology

Depkes RI, (1989). Materia Medika Indonesia. Jilid V, 434, 436, Departemen Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Ditjwn POM. (1995). Indonesian Pharcopoeia. Edisi IV. Jakarta. Department of Health of Republic of Indonesia.

Eilert, U., Wolters, B., and Nahrstedt, A., (1981). The antibiotic principle of seeds of Moringa oleifera and Moringa stenopetala. Medicinal Plant J. Res., 42 pp 56-61

Fahey, JW. (2005). Moringaoleifera: A Review of the medical evidence for its nutritional. Therapeutic and prophylactic properties. Part I. Trees for Life Journal, 1:5

Halima, C, K., and Mbulang. (2016). Phytochemical Analysis of Moringa oleifera Lamk Moringa Leaf Extract). Farmasi Stikes Citra Husada Mandiri. Kupang. NTT

Harborne, J, B. (1987). Phytochemical Methods. Second Issue. Translators: Kosasih Padmawinata and Iwang Soediro. Bandung. ITB Publisher. Page 147.

Kiswandono, A. (2011). Comparison of Different Extractions of Moringa Leaves Against the Yield of Extracts and the resulting Bioactive Compounds. Journal of Natural Science, University of Nusa Bangsa. L(1) 45-51.

Mendieta, S, B., Reyes, N., Salmeron, F., and Haling, M. (2013). Biomass Production and Chemical Composition of Moringa oleifera Under Different Planting Densities and Levels of Nitrogen Fertilization. Agroforests. syst. 87:81-92

Prima, A., and Ivon, M., (2013). Natural Batik Dye From Soga High Skin (Ceriops Tagal) With Extraction Method. JBAT. Prodi Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Semarang. Semarang.

Saputro, A. (2015). Anti-Inflammatory Activity Test of 96% Ethanol Extract of Javanese Bark (Lannea Coromandelica) With In Vitro Membrane Stabilization Method Of Red Blood Cells . Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran Dan Ilmu Kesehatan Program Studi Farmasi. Jakarta.

Sashidhara KV et al., (2007). Rare dipeptides and urea derivatives from roots of Moringa oleifera as potential anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive agents. Short communication. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.

How to Cite
Ricky Andi Syahputra, Ani Sutiani, Pasar Maulim Silitonga, Zulmai Rani, & Amelia Kudadiri. (2021). Extraction And Phytochemical Screening of Ethanol Extract And Simplicia of Moringa Leaf (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) From Sidikalang, North Sumatera. International Journal of Science, Technology & Management, 2(6), 2072-2076. https://doi.org/10.46729/ijstm.v2i6.381