International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm <p>International Journal of Science, Technology &amp; Management (IJSTM) e-ISSN: <strong>2722-4015</strong> is an international scholarly refereed research journal which aims to promote the theory and practice of science, technology, innovation, engineering and management.</p> <p>Journal IJSTM published Six times a year in January, March, May, July, September and November</p> <p>A broad outline of the journal's scope includes; peer reviewed original research articles, case and technical reports, reviews and analyzes papers, short communications and notes to the editors, in interdisciplinary information on the practice and status of research in science, technology and Management</p> <p>IJSTM is an international journal providing a platform for research paper publishing. IJSTM publishes research papers in various science, technology and managemen topics.</p> <p>IJSTM is a collaboration between researchers from the entire Globe including the USA, UK, Europe and Indonesia.</p> Publisher Cv. Inara en-US International Journal of Science, Technology & Management 2722-4015 Increasing The Productivity Of Palm Sugar Through High Degree Of Crystalline Sugar Production https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/433 <h3><em>One of the victims of Covid-19 is micro industry. The research team attempts to find the community of original palm sugar (sugar from sugar palm tree) industry which will be process to become gula semut (crystalline sugar). The location where the research and the public service are done is Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatera. It seems that </em><em>the farmers of palm sugar</em><em> industry are decreasing in </em><em>number in </em><em>Deli Serdang so that the research team is interested in increasing the community of palm sugar farmers and industry in developing their micro business. Another objective of the research is to increase the welfare of the </em><em>palm sugar</em><em> farmers in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera, with good and qualified </em><em>crystalline sugar</em><em> so that its sales price increases and it can enter domestic and international markets. The research employs descriptive qualitative method. The data are gathered by conducting interviews and using Focus Group Discussion with stakeholders. Specifically, the sugar palm trees are used for hand-handle sap tapping which yields water </em><em>t</em><em>hat flows from the stem of sugar palm tree. The water is called palm water (juice of the sugar palm which when fermented turns into toddy and vinegar). It has numerous kinds of palm sugar and one of them is crystalline sugar processing. In this research, crystalline sugar is used as the innovation from palm sugar processing in the form of slabs because its sales value is very promising. The concept of marketing strategy applied in this research is the online and offline marketing. &nbsp;&nbsp;</em></h3> Deni Faisal Mirza Devi Alvionita Alindra Khomeiny Yunior Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 1 5 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.433 Exploration of the Implementation of PKL in Achieving MBKM Goals in Accounting Study Program https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/437 <h1>&nbsp;</h1> <h1><em>This study aims to determine whether the internship activities that have been carried out by the accounting study program at the Muhammadiyah Lamongan University can help achieve MBKM goals and bring benefits to universities, students, and internship partner agencies. This research</em><em>0</em><em> was conducted</em> <em>on 10 partner industries</em><em>0</em><em> in the accounting study program industrial</em><em>0</em><em> internship program, Faculty of Economics and Business, Muhammadiyah Lamongan University in 2021 spread across the Lamongan area, and 4 students of Accounting study program who had industrial internships that year. Data collection</em><em>0</em><em> techniques used in this</em><em>0</em><em> study were Forum Group Discussion (FGD), observation, interviews, and documentation. Partners fully support the industrial internship program. This partner support has an impact on the achievement of MBKM goals where the PKL program or industrial internship can improve the competence</em><em>0</em><em> of graduates, both soft skills</em><em>0</em><em> and hard skills</em><em>0</em><em> so that they</em><em>0</em><em> are better prepared to meet the needs of the world of work, prepare graduates as future</em><em>0</em><em> leaders of the</em><em>0</em><em> nation who have superior</em><em>0</em><em> and personality, namely providing sufficient experience. to students related to direct learning in the workplace and students can solve problems that exist in the industry which can be considered as a form of learning independence. The results of the study also show that the benefits of this program can also be felt by universities and internship partner agencies. However, based</em><em>0</em><em> on the results of the evaluation of the accounting </em><em>department</em><em>, it has not been fully maximized in implementing the PKL program or industrial internship.</em></h1> Devi Febrianti Ira Megasyara Ninik Mas’adah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 6 21 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.437 Systematic Literature Review: Delone and Mclean Model using VOSViewer on Google Scholar Database Case Year 2010-2020 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/402 <p><em>This study aims to examine the development of the Delone and Mclean information system success model. This research was conducted to determine: (1) a map of the development of the number of publications on the Delone and Mclean model; (2) find out which scientific articles have the highest number of citations; (3) knowing the development map of scientific publications based on keywords. The data sources used in this study are scientific articles in the Google Scholar database with the keywords Delone and Mclean, with the categories article title, abstract, keywords in the 2016-2020 range. The search results show that there are 270 scientific articles that match the keywords based on the Harzing's Publish or Perish application. The results showed that the development of the Delone and Mclean model in 2010 - 2020 which was the highest in the Google Scholar database occurred in 2020 which reached 68 publications or 25%. Meanwhile, the publications that have the highest number of citations are Nils Urbach and Benjamin Müller (2016) which were quoted 379 times. The development map of scientific publications based on the keywords delone and mclean analyzed using the VOSViewer application shows that the development map of the delone and mclean model is divided into 4 clusters. The red cluster 1 consists of 14 items, the green cluster 2 consists of 11 items, the blue cluster 3 consists of 10 items, and the yellow cluster 4 consists of 6 items.</em></p> Dhian Nur Rahayu Lila Setiyani Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 22 30 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.402 The Effect of The Number of Coffee Purchases On The Income of Drying Workers In CV. Oro Coffee Gayo In Central Aceh District https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/447 <p><em>This research was conducted at CV. Oro Kopi Gayo, Central Aceh Regency, this research was conducted in February 2016. The location determination was determined intentionally by considering that CV. Oro Kopi Gayo is one of the industrial companies engaged in coffee processing and coffee export. The data analysis method used simple linear regression analysis. Based on the results of the partial analysis, the value of tcount = 5.121 &gt; ttable = 2.228 with a significant value obtained 0.000 or &lt;0.05 (5%) then H0 is rejected and Hadi accepts. This shows that the independent variable (number of random purchases) has a partially significant effect on the dependent variable (drying labor acceptance). The average number of random purchases of coffee is 289,552 Kg\Year with the average number of drying workers receiving Rp.33,684,0984, From the results of this study indicate that the higher the number of random coffee purchases, the higher the labor acceptance. drying. So that it can be concluded that the proposed simple linear regression equation model Y=q+bX is acceptable.</em></p> Eliyin Ilma Fitri Mahyudin Ariga Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 31 40 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.447 Security Utilization of Cloud Computing in The World of Business For Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/427 <p><em>At this time the business world began to compete globally with the aim of satisfying customers, so companies need access and information that is fast and accurate. To access information quickly, companies need to build information and communication technology infrastructure which is certainly not easy with the need for a large enough capital, besides that there is cloud computing which can be an alternative. The progress of information and communication technology that we have achieved now has really been recognized and felt to provide a lot of convenience and comfort for human life. Information Technology (IT) solutions, cloud computing, are now starting to be discussed a lot by business people, including in Indonesia. Even though it's popular, it doesn't mean cloud computing is easily accepted. Cloud computing will actually save business operations much more, compared to using traditional methods among Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). There are various kinds of services provided by cloud computing, including hardware, infrastructure, platforms, and applications. Cloud computing has considerable benefits, this is because the services of cloud computing can reduce computing costs, increase reliability and provide considerable opportunities for the infrastructure world. The purpose of this research is to increase business competitiveness in the business sector by using the Salesfoorce App Cloud application. The results of this application can make business models more flexible and know market needs and consumer needs.</em></p> Fachmi Tamzil Nizirwan Anwar Muhammad Abdullah Hadi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 41 49 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.427 The Influence of Leadership Style and Discipline on Employee Performance at PT. Notojoyo Nusantara Malang https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/423 <p><em>This study aims to determine how the influence of leadership style and discipline on employee performance at PT. Notojoyo Nusantara in a case study of the construction of the Greenstone City Malang housing area. This study used a research instrument, namely a questionnaire to obtain primary data. The population in this study were all employees of Greenstone City with the determination of the sample using the saturated sample technique with the stratified random sampling method. Respondents in this study were 44 employees. Analysis of the data in this study using multiple linear regression analysis where it is known that leadership style and discipline have no significant positive effect on the performance of Greenstone City employees.</em></p> Faisal Dinar Pamungkas Agus Purnomo Sidi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 50 55 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.423 Analysis Of The Effect Of Net Profit, Operational Cash Flow, Free Cash Flow, Previous Year Cash Dividends On Cash Dividends In The Indonesia Stock https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/450 <p>This study aims to determine the analysis of the effect of net income, operating cash flow, free cash flow, cash dividends in the previous year, on cash dividends. This study uses a food and beverage sub-sector research design. The research population amounted to 18 companies for 5 years from 2014-2018 and were picked up by 7 companies in a row to publish their financial statements. The method used in this data analysis using multiple linear regression analysis. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that: net income has no effect on cash dividends, operating cash flow has no effect on cash dividends, free cash flow has no effect on cash dividends, previous year's cash dividends have an effect on cash dividends.recommendations The company should pay attention to the cash dividend payments in previous years as an independent variable that affects the current year's cash dividend. Because the company will be attractive to shareholders whose preferences are related to dividend payout and stability. Investors want a stable dividend as a source of income embedded in shares that are paid the same amount of dividends every period. For further researchers, it is better to add the number of samples in the observation period of 6 years or 7 years, adding other variables such as Analyzing the relationship between Net profit, Operating Cash Flow with cash dividends, or Effect of accounting profit, cash profit, Free Cash Flow, Operating Cash Flow, leverage and current ratio to cash dividend. and can expand the research sample, not only to manufacturing companies but to more than one type of company.</p> Fatia Fatimah Sifriyani Deni sunaryo Etty Puji lestari Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 56 72 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.450 Overview Of Village Fund Allocation By Number Of Villages https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/426 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>The existence of regional autonomy can increase regional income, villages</em> <em>can be more independent in managing village finances. </em><em>This type of quantitative descriptive research will answer how big is the relationship between the Village Fund Allocation (ADD) given to each district and the number of villages.</em><em> The populace in this review is the breakdown of town assets by area/city for monetary year 2020. Furthermore the example utilized in this review is subtleties of town assets by area/city for financial year 2020 in Bengkulu Province, which are 9 areas. The outcomes observed that the assignment of town subsidizes given to every area was as per the Regulation of the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia No. 193/Pmk.07/2018, however the aftereffects of the connection test showed that the connection between the allotment of town assets to the 9 locale and the quantity of towns shows the relationship that Average is equivalent to 0.411.</em></p> Heru Kreshna Reza Kurniati Karim Melly Susanti Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 73 79 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.426 The Effect of Changes In Price Level, Product Quality, Quality Of Service On Purchase Decisions In Ud. Ghoni Jati Jaya https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/435 <p><em>This study was to determine the effect of changes in price levels, product quality, and service quality affect purchasing decisions at UD. Ghoni Jati Jaya, and to find out which variables have the most influence on purchasing decisions. This research is quantitative. Researchers will describe the situation in the field and how consumers make purchasing decisions. The population in this study are all people who make purchases at UD. Ghoni Jati Jaya. The sample in this study used incidental random sampling method. To determine the size of the sample that will be used in this study, the slovin approach formula is used with a sample of 30 respondents because consumers are UD. Ghoni Jati Jaya is predicted to take 350 per year from 2014 to 2020. The analytical tool used is the research instrument test, namely the multiple regression linear test and assisted by SPSS. In this study, attempts to analyze the independent variable (X) in this case is the independent variable that influences purchasing decisions, the independent variables include the price variable, product quality variable, and service quality variable. After everything is fulfilled, the last step is to do a multiple regression linear test. Variables of changes in price level, product quality, service quality are equal to zero or unchanged, then the Y value or purchase decision is 8.815. or it can be said that the three variables including changes in price levels, product quality, service quality have a joint effect of about 88.1% on purchasing decisions. The results of the analysis that the variables of changes in price levels, product quality, and service quality have a significant effect on purchasing decisions at UD. Ghoni Jati Jaya</em></p> Laili Nurrochmah Nur Tasya Noor Iffatin Nadhifah Sumarni Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 80 85 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.435 Business Model Canvas for Indonesian Aerospace's CN235 Aircraft https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/421 <p><em>This research aims to conduct a qualitative assessment of the business model canvas on the CN235 Aircraft manufactured by Indonesian Aerospace (IAe). This research is a descriptive qualitative study of the business model canvas and then uses SWOT analysis to evaluate each item. Interviews and documentation are the methods for data collection. This study shows that IAe's market segmentation is domestic and global markets. The company uses a digital system and delivers services that exceed the expectations of its customers. IAe is the only domestic manufacturing industry that can manufacture aircraft. The company makes money by selling planes and providing maintenance services. Building and keeping strong connections with business partners is critical in collaboration. The most common expenditures incurred by IAe are fixed and variable expenses. The study findings are supposed to reveal the IAe's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, internal and external challenges, and innovation strategy.</em></p> Mohamad Ikhsan Nurulloh Luhut Simbolon George Royke Deksino Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 86 92 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.421 Efforts To Improve Employee Performance Through Quality Of Work-Life And Effectively Moderated Teamwork Communication On Pt. Rajawali Property Mandiri Medan https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/425 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of quality of work-life and teamwork on the performance of employees of PT Rajawali Properti Mandiri Medan. To find out whether the effectiveness of communication moderates the effect of quality of work-life and teamwork on employee performance at PT Rajawali Properti Mandiri Medan. The total population in this study amounted to 116 people, and by using a saturated sampling technique, a sample of 116 people was obtained. The analysis technique used is multiple linear regression and residual MRA technique. The results showed that the quality of work-life had a significant effect on the performance of the employees of PT Rajawali Properti Mandiri Medan. Teamwork affects employee performance at PT Rajawali Properti Mandiri Medan. The effectiveness of communication proved significant in moderating the quality of work-life on employee performance and the effectiveness of communication proved significant in moderating teamwork on employee performance.</em></p> Refinda deschamp sembiring Muhammad Fauzan Azhmy Ezzah Nahrisah Teguh Setiawan Pitono Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 93 99 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.425 The Effect Of Promotion, Price, And Quality Of Service On Customer Satisfaction Of PT. Aseng Keto Sukses Medan https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/422 <p><em>This research was motivated by a decrease in the number of customers of PT. Aseng Ketok Successful in 2020. The decrease in the number of customers indicates that the satisfaction of pt. Aseng Ketok Success Medan. By looking at the problems that exist, this research is directed to analyze how to increase satisfaction by supporting increased promotion, price, and, quality of service. In this study used is the criteria of permanent customers, which are meant by permanent customers here are service users who have more than twice used the services of PT. Aseng Ketok Success. The number of samples is determined based on calculations of the Slovin formula with a tolerable error rate of 5%, then the sample count will be obtained as many as 150 people. The data analysis method used in this study is Multiple Regression, were previously tested the validity, reliability, and classical assumptions. The results showed that promotion, price, and quality of service have a positive and significant influence on customer satisfaction. The author's advice is to increase customer satisfaction can be done by improving promotions, maintaining customer satisfaction, and pricing more in line with customer capabilities. PT. Aseng Ketok Sukses Medan needs to maintain elements that have been considered good by customers and need to improve things that are still lacking.</em></p> Ricky Rafii Ritonga Christian Ardy Felix Giovanni Chandra Nicholas Geral Cendana Egon Sius Purba Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 100 103 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.422 How Capital Structure And Financial Performance Impact On Food And Beverage Company Value? https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/453 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to examine and explain the effect of capital structure on firm value, the effect of capital structure on financial performance, the effect of financial performance on firm value, the effect of capital structure and financial performance simultaneously on firm value. This study used Food Beverage company that listed&nbsp; in Indonesia Stock Exchange&nbsp; (IDX) on period 2016 – 2020.&nbsp; The model used in data analysis in this study is a simple multiple regression model because the measurement of the dependent and independent variables in this study is in the form of numbers with size scales and more than one independent variable. The results of the study show that: 1) Capital structure has no significant effect on firm value; 2) Capital structure has no significant effect on Financial Performance; 3) Financial Performance has a significant effect on Firm Value; 4) Capital Structure and Financial Performance simultaneously have a significant effect on firm value. The Determination Test (R2) produced is 0.331 (33.1%), meaning that the contribution of the variable influence of Capital Structure and Financial Performance to Firm Value is 33.1%, while the remaining 66.9% is influenced by other variables not examined in this study.</em></p> Erni Alfisah Kurniaty Rizka Zulfikar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-10 2022-01-10 3 1 104 112 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.453 Management Curriculum Through the Semester Credit System (SKS) In the Competency Standards To Improve the Quality of Education https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/443 <p><em>Credit semester system in SMAN 1 Kedungwaru Tulungagung and MAN 1 Trenggalek based on the results of the interview with the head of school/madrasah which states that to provide services to students who have learning speed is high, the policy of the ministry of education that should pay attention to the potential of each student, the school/madrasah already accredited A reserves the right to determine the implementation is better that the package system and the credit system semester, as well as pay attention to the readiness of the school. The purpose of this study was to determine the planning, implementation and supervision of the Semester Credit System (SKS) in the competency standards to improve the quality of education at SMAN 1 Kedungwaru Tulungagung and MAN 1 Trenggalek. This research is useful to add insight, mindset, attitude, and experience as an effort to explore the implementation of the curriculum through the semester credit system in improving the quality of education. The research approach using qualitative methods. The technique of data collection was participant observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. The data analysis technique used is 1) the data analysis of a single case, 2) the analysis of cross-site. The research results show that: the Planning competency standards done with meet the criteria graduation graduation criteria subjects and each semester and education unit in the meeting of the board the teacher set. The implementation of the competency standards do with the criteria for graduation students in accordance with the provisions applicable in the madrasah.&nbsp; Supervision competency standards of graduates conducted on each end of the semester include the presence of students, educators, until the results of the evaluation.&nbsp; &nbsp;</em></p> Sasmito Pribadi Mujamil Qomar Agus Zaenul Fitri Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-10 2022-01-10 3 1 113 124 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.443 Improving Human Resources Motivation In Tourism Entrepreneurship : A Review https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/434 <h2>&nbsp;</h2> <h2><em>The review of this article will discuss how to increase the motivation </em><em>of human resources in entrepreneurship in the tourism sector. Rural </em><em>areas can benefit from the entrepreneurial dynamics created by small tourism businesses, especially when linked to the lifestyle of each entrepreneur. Several researchers regarding the contribution of small </em><em>tourism businesses to improve the rural economy. The potential role of rural communities to increase tourism in rural areas should not be ignored. Related to increasing the motivation of human resources in entrepreneurship in the field of tourism. This study explores the </em><em>motivations and management practices of tourism entrepreneurship as well as the consequences of community actions, considering the data </em><em>obtained from several small tourism entrepreneurs, the efficiency and success of entrepreneurship.</em></h2> Joko Setiyo Heri Pratikto Sopiah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 125 133 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.434 SWOT Analysis as a Competitive Strategy at Primkop Kartika Ardagusema Cimahi City, West Java, Indonesia https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/451 <p><em>In the current era of globalization, companies must be able to design a competitive strategy so as not to compete with other companies, a competitive strategy is one way for companies to find out their competitiveness in every strength that exists in a company. Every company must have a competitive advantage that other companies do not have. To design a competitive strategy the company can use a SWOT analysis. The effective use of SWOT analysis can play an important role in determining competitive strategies, in order to know the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats faced by the company in maintaining the company's survival. The purpose of this study was to determine whether SWOT analysis is an appropriate strategy in increasing company production and how competitive strategies are carried out by a company to be able to compete in the era of globalization. This research data collection uses secondary data in obtaining data, archives, and documents. From the research that has been done, it is found that the results of the data that have been analyzed using a SWOT matrix from several internal factors, in the form of strengths and weaknesses, as well as external factors in the form of opportunities and threats to determine the competitive strategy for the Kartika Ardagusema Cooperative, is to carry out a diversification strategy (product, market).</em></p> Wiara Sanchia Grafita Ryana Devi Desty Rara Pringgandinie Henly Yulina Deni Hadiansah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-10 2022-01-10 3 1 134 143 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.451 Psychological Contract Theory Relation to Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) of Flight Attendants https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/445 <p><em>In service organizations such as airlines, flight attendants as one of the components that play a direct role in serving the needs of passengers during flights are required to work independently without supervision and have confidence in carrying out job demands since they are accepted as employees.&nbsp;The agreement formed between the flight attendant and the airline is the initial motivation and trust given by the airline&nbsp;to flight attendants as employees known as psychological contracts.&nbsp;A high psychological contract with a reciprocal relationship where the flight attendant's expectations are fulfilled by the airline will make the flight attendant feel valued for her work and empowered.&nbsp;This feeling raises the motivation of flight attendants as employees to be more active by showing OCB.&nbsp;OCB is the behavior of flight attendants as individuals voluntarily outside of their formal job descriptions to support the advancement of the airline where they work.&nbsp;In this article, psychological contracts are an important factor in the growth of OCB in flight attendants, such as arriving to work early, helping coworkers or new employees who are experiencing difficulties, and contributing more to activities organized by airlines.</em></p> Teguh Setiawan Wibowo Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 144 152 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.445 Analysis Of The Effect Of The Rupiah Exchange, World Oil Price, World Gold Price On The Joint Stock Price Index In The Indonesia Stock Exchange https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/432 <p><em>Stock price fluctuations that could be traded on the stock exchange can be seen from JCI Indonesia so that we can know whether the market is bullish (strong) or bearish (weak). All in result by 2 factors, internal factors and eksternal. Many theory of past research revealed that the composite stock price index is influenced by several factors. Three factors including the value of the rupiah, world gold prices, and world oil prices. Because other than gold commodity rupiah exchange rate and the oil will affect the movement of stock indices on the StockExchange. The study population was the entire data rupiah exchange rate, oil prices and gold prices on the world in 2011-2014 and since such data exist today (historical price). This study uses statistical analisisis, Multiple linear regression, and the F test and T and test (coefficient of determination (R2)), Normality Test, Test Heteroskidastity. Based on hypothesis testing shows that world oil prices and world gold prices have a negative effect and no significant effect on the JCI while the rupiah / US $has a positive and significant impact on JCI.</em></p> Suniti Rohmawati Munasirotul Mutmainnah Fitria Asas Ulfatul Khasanah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-11 2022-01-11 3 1 153 166 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.432 Three Years Journal of IJSTM (International Journal of Science Technology & Management: Inarah): A Bibliometric Analysis https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/431 <p>&nbsp;International Journal of Science ,Technology &amp; Management (IJSTM: Inarah) is an internationally reputed journal with a Copernicus index that publishes original, peer-reviewed, and empirical research in science, technology and management. The use of technology in real business activities is often found in IJSTM journal articles. This journal has reached its 3rd year of publication in 2019. Using bibliometric techniques, we analyze based on the journal's authors, salient topics, and the most prolific authors, including institutions and affiliated countries as well as .topic relationships between articles. In network analysis using VOSviewer software, the results of IJSTM publications based on the linkage of articles are that there are two clusters,</p> <p>Keywords: IJSTM Journal, Bibliometrics, Vos Viewer</p> M.Syamsul Hidayat Budi Utami Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 3 1 167 178 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.431 Determinants of Auditor's Ability to Detect Fraud: Internal and External Factors https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/452 <p><em>Fraud cases that occur in Indonesia have fluctuated every year and in 2020 the number of state losses due to fraud is the largest in the last five years. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of internal factors (experience and professional skepticism) and external (whistleblowing and time budget pressure) on the ability of auditors to detect fraud. Sampling using a survey method in the form of a questionnaire given to respondents, namely internal auditors the inspectorate and produced as many as 55 samples. Data testing was carried out by multiple regression testing using the SPSS version 23 program. The results showed that internal factors consisting of experience and professional skepticism and external factors, namely whistleblowing, had a positive effect on the ability of auditors to detect fraud. Meanwhile, time budget pressure does not prove to have an effect on auditors' ability to detect fraud.</em></p> Rizkiana Iskandar Muh. Syahru Ramadhan M. Ikhwan Mansyuri Rizky Ramadhan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-11 2022-01-11 3 1 179 195 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.452 Examining the Effect of Consumer Demographic Characteristics on Online or Offline Shopping Preference https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/449 <p>Digitization has become something that is inherent in our daily habits, one of which is shopping habits. In addition to shopping for fashion products by visiting offline stores directly, consumers are also given the opportunity to purchase fashion products online whenever and wherever they are. This study aims to determine the effect of consumer demographic characteristics on their preferences for shopping fashion products offline or online. Data collection is carried out by distributing questionnaires online through whatsapp and telegram groups during June-July 2021, which resulted in 162 responses. Chi-Square and Kruskal-Wallis tests are used to test the hypothesis. The results prove that there are insignificant results between consumer demographic characteristics and preferred shopping method. Furthermore, research data also shows that more than half of the respondents still prefer to shop for fashion products offline rather than online although in the Covid-19 pandemic situation because they want to evaluate the product physically.</p> Sisca Andy Wijaya Ernest Grace Vivi Candra Novelyn Sidabutar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-13 2022-01-13 3 1 196 201 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.449 Marketing Strategy Analysis To Increase Consumer Satisfaction Using SWOTAnalysis On Caffein Waroeng Kopi Bojongsari https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/424 <p><em>Marketing has a very important role for trading and service companies. Maintaining excellence, improving service quality by using attractive strategies and appropriate prices in the eyes of consumers is a way to maintain the life cycle of their business. This study aims to determine the marketing strategy in increasing consumer satisfaction using SWOT analysis on Caffeine Waroeng Kopi Bojongsari. This study measures consumer satisfaction with a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach using content analysis and SWOT analysis methods. From the results of the study, the authors carried out a swot analysis by calculating IFAS and EFAS, the recapitulation results obtained that SW = a score of 1.06 and OT = a score of 1.15 this indicates that the company's strategy is in quadrant I. Based on the analysis of strategic factors which can be seen in the SWOT analysis diagram, where Caffeine Waroeng Kopi is in quadrant 1 which shows the SO strategy in the SWOT matrix, namely aggressive strategy. Aggressive strategy is a strategy that uses all strengths to take advantage of opportunities. This strategy is a very profitable strategy because it has opportunities and strengths so that it can be used to progress for Caffeine Waroeng Kopi.</em></p> Fauziah Septiani Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-11 2022-01-11 3 1 202 208 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.424 Design and Build a Facial Recognition Based Motor Vehicle Security System https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/414 <p><em>The background of this research is to build a system that will be able to help reduce crime, especially not the crime of motor vehicle theft by using the concept of facial recognition on every motorized vehicle. Therefore, the owner will be recognized by the vehicle directly. The method used in this study is to use the method of literature study or literature review by using the basis of journals with the same research because this will find differences between journals and other journals so as to find novelty in journal writing. The problem raised in this research is how to reduce the rate of motor vehicle theft by using the system method or the internet of think method, therefore by making this system it will be able to help the police in reducing the crime of motor vehicle theft. The purpose of making this paper is how to create a system that can reduce motor vehicle crime, especially motor vehicle theft so that it can make motorists trust in leaving their motorized vehicle anywhere. Therefore, by making a facial recognition system on vehicles it will be able to reduce crime rates and can make motor vehicle drivers believe.</em></p> Muhammad Syarif Hartawan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-16 2022-01-16 3 1 209 214 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.414 The Effect Of Easy Perception And Security Perception On The Intention Of Using Shopeepay Through Attitude As Intervening Variables In Madiun https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/430 <p><em>The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of perceived ease of use and perceived safety on Intention to Use through Attitude as an Intervening Variable for ShopeePay Users in Madiun. This research is a quantitative study using sampling techniques using nonprobability sampling with purposive sampling technique. Respondents of this study were 150 people. Data analysis used classical assumption test, hypothesis test, path analysis, and Sobel test mediation. Based on the results of the test (t), obtained the results of the perception of ease of perception and perceptions of security affect attitudes, perceptions of perceived ease of security affect intention to use with a significant value less than the alpha value of 0.05. The path analysis test obtained the results of the indirect sub-structural effect 1 Ease of perception on the intention to use through attitude as an intervening variable obtained the result that the direct effect was greater than the indirect effect. Results The indirect effect of perceptions of security on the intention to use through attitude as an intervening variable shows that the direct effect is smaller than the indirect effect. The results of the Sobel test mediation test show that the results of the perception of Security on Intention to Use through Attitude as an Intervening Variable can mediate attitudes.</em></p> Heny Sidanti Dian Citaningtyas Ari Kadi Hari Purwanto Wahyu Sri Lestari Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 3 1 215 228 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.430 Quality Risk Management in Infusation Product Distribution Using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Methods https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/429 <p><em>This study aims to determine the causes of product leaks so as to minimize the risks of product quality degradation. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research method, data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The collected data is then analyzed to obtain useful information to solve a problem in research. The process of testing the validity and reliability in this study uses a triangulation process. In this study, to measure Quality Risk Management, FMEA is used as a tool to measure or identify the source or cause of a quality problem. The next method to solve problems or risks in Quality Risk Management is AHP. The results of the study can be concluded that, Quality Risk Management in the distribution of Infusion products. The risk with the highest RPN value is the risk of damaged goods in the distribution flow of releasing goods from the warehouse to the expedition of PT. BSP which causes a leak in the softbag packaging. These risks are then analyzed to find the best alternative for handling them. Determine alternative handling of Quality Risk Management in the distribution of Infusion products at PT. BSP using the AHP method. Based on calculations using Expert Choice 11 software, the priority criteria are time and handling effectiveness which has the highest pairwise comparison value is the alternative of adding product handling information labels on cardboard packaging.</em></p> Elis Dwiana Ratnamurni Eka Ludiya Amanda Luthfiartie Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 3 1 229 244 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.429 Endophytic Bacteria and Fungi from Indonesian Medicinal Plants with Antibacterial, Pathogenic Antifungal and Extracellular Enzymes Activities: A Review https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/428 <p><em>The habitat of endophytic bacteria in plant tissues making it automatically used by plants to protect themselves against pathogenic bacteria. Endophytic bacteria have been applied in various fields, including agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, and biotechnology. This review was carried out to summarize recent studies focusing on the diversity of endophytic bacteria derived from traditional medicinal plants which have antibacterial activity and extracellular enzymes. This article was prepared and written by referring to literature studies collected from books and online journal publication. The literature review of endophytic bacteria focused on Vernonia anthelmintic, Saurauia scaberrinae, and Ki rinyuh (Chromolaena odorata) plants. The results revealed that endophytic bacteria obtained from Vernonia anthelmintic plant is from Micrococcus, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, and Pantoea genus which possess the same biological properties as the host plant, producing antibacterial activity. Saurauia scaberrinae plant successfully isolated endophyte fungus Phoma sp. which produces phomodione (4) and cercosporamide. Phomodione (4) exhibit inhibitory activity against S. aureus, P. ultimum, S. sclerotiorum and R. solani. Cercosporamide exhibits inhibitory activity against S. aureus. Endophytic bacteria were also isolated from Ki rinyuh (Chromolaena odorata), including BECB3, BECB 4, BECA 8, BECA 5, BECA 1, and BECA 10 isolates which have extracellular enzyme activities such as β-amylase, α-amylase, cellulase, chitinase, and protease. Understanding endophytic bacteria in medicinal plants can help researchers apply them effectively</em><em>.</em></p> Jendri Mamangkey Lucas William Mendes Arman Harahap Dana Briggs Cengiz Kayacilar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-23 2022-01-23 3 1 245 255 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.428 The Effect Of Brand Image and Promotion On The Purchase Decision Of Tony Jack Jeans Product At DNA Store South Of Tangerang https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/455 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of Brand Image on Purchase Decisions on Tony Jack's Jeans products, to determine the effect of Promotion on Tony Jack's jeans product purchase decisions and to determine the effect of Brand Image and Promotion on Tony Jack's Jeans product purchasing decisions at DNA Stores in general. simultaneous. By using the formula method of T Test and F Test. Brand Image has a positive and significant influence on Purchase Decisions where the value of tcount &gt; ttable (5.224 &gt; 1.986) and sig &lt; 0.05 (0.000 &lt; 0.05) Brand Image Variable (X1 ) partially positive effect on Purchase Decision. Promotion has a positive and significant effect on purchasing decisions where the value of tcount &gt; ttable (8.728 &gt; 1.986) and sig &lt; 0.05 (0.000 &lt; 0.05). Promotion variable (X2) partially positive effect on Purchase Decision. Brand Image and Promotion have a positive and significant influence on Purchase Decisions simultaneously where the fcount &gt; ftable is 122.214 &gt; 2.70 and the sig value &lt; 0.05 or 0.000 &lt; 0.05 means that there is a positive and significant influence between Brand Image and Promotion of Purchase Decisions. The multiple linear regression equation Y= 4.817 + 0.308X1 + 0.587X2 + e, means that the constant value is 4.817, the coefficient value of X1 is 0.308 and the coefficient of X2 is 0.587. Based on the calculation results, it is known that the coefficient of determination (R2) obtained is 0.563. This means that 56.3% of Purchase Decisions can be explained by Brand Image (X1) and Promotion (X2) variables, while 43.7% of Purchase Decisions are influenced by other variables not examined, such as Price, Service Quality and others.</em></p> Suharni Rahayu Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-25 2022-01-25 3 1 256 264 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.455 Quality Control Management Of Madrasah Education In International Standard https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/328 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Quality control has to design in educational institutions. The purpose of this study was to determine the concept of quality control of education at the International Standard Madrasah Amanatul Ummah Pacet Mojokerto, East Java. This research is qualitative research with a single case study model. The participants involved are 1) kyai, 2) madrasa heads, 3) vice coordinators of Madrasas, 4) ustadzor teachers in Madrasas, 5) students, and 6) alumni. The data collection process is 1) in-depth interviews; 2) participant observation; and 3) documentation studies. Data analysis data used l) data reduction, 2) data display; and 3) conclusion drawing/verification. The finding shows that the quality control process at the International Standard Madrasah Amanatul Ummah includes, 1) monitoring of activity programs is carried out in a coordinated and responsible manner; 2) a series of evaluations carried out intensely; 3) carry out control of order and program implementation continuously; 4) activity report in written form in the form of reporting and verbally in the form of directions; 5) carry out continuous monitoring. While transcendent control is a form of inherent supervision that is embedded in the religious spirit of each person relying on the Substance of the Almighty Creator. The control of improving the quality of education carried out by the Amanatul Ummah International Standard Madrasah is internal and transcendent control.</em></p> Indah Komsiyah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-16 2022-01-16 3 1 265 274 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.328 Application of 5G Internet System to Improve the Economy (Case Study of Bali Province) https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/459 <p><em>The background of this research is to know the application of 5G in Denpasar Bali. With the application of 5G technology, what can be obtained to help in all fields, especially in the city of Denpasar Bali. The method used in this research is to use the literature review method, and implement the existing system on the 5G system in the city of Denpasar Bali. The problem raised in this research is how to find out the application of 5g technology that is needed by many people based on the problem of sending data or data supply because the data is too much and too large. It is known whether 5g technology can solve this problem so that it can help the community in making maximum use of data and sending data to help many things. The purpose of this research is how to find out the application of 5G technology in the city of Denpasar Bali, 5G technology that will be applied so that it can help many people, especially in terms of sending data and using virtual data because the data sent has started a lot and requires bigger technology. Again in sending data.</em></p> Turkhamun Adi Kurniawan Popon handayani Pas Pas Mahyu Akhirianto Arman Syah Putra Nurul Aisyah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-22 2022-01-22 3 1 275 283 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.459 Forensic Digital Analysis for CCTV Video Recording https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/460 <p><em>The background of this research is how to make a video that can be analyzed as forensic data to prove the truth of the video, therefore with forensics it can be used as evidence if the video contains incorrect data or contains data capable of crime so that it can be used as data forensics. The method used in this study is to use the literature review method which uses the basis of many previous studies. From journals and books based on similar research, so that it can help develop existing problems to the latest problems so that they can find novelty in this research. The problem raised in this research is how to make a video from a CCTV that can be proven, by certain methods in order to make the video as forensic data, that can be proven so that it can be developed into data containing crimes that can be used as evidence. The purpose of this study is how to find the right method in order to analyze a CCTV video, so that it can be used as evidence on forensic data with the NIST method, it can be proven that this method is the right method in analyzing a video, so that it can be used as evidence and as data forensics.</em></p> Pria Sukamto Ispandi Arman Syah Putra Nurul Aisyah Rohmat Toufiq Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-22 2022-01-22 3 1 284 291 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.460 The Diversity Of Macrozoobenthos River Aek Buru District Labuhan Batu Utara https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/456 <p><em>Benthos are organisms that live in the bottom of the waters, either animal or plant, living on the surface and in the bottom of the waters. This study aims to determine the diversity of Macrozoobenthos in the River Aek Hurry. The study began in November 2021 to January 2021. Sampling of macrozoobenthos done using a Surber net. based on differences in the substrate at the base of the river. Macrozoobenthos found in the Aek Buru consists of two Phyla, namely the Arthropods and Mollusks. Phylum Arthropoda are found is of the class of Insects belonging to the genus Hydropsyche, Polycentropus, psephenus, Dryops, Anthopotamu, Acroneuria and Triops. The phylum of Mollusks that are found are from a class of Bilvavia included in the Genus Corbicula and of the class of Gastropods of the Genera Melanoides and Melanatria. The abundance of macrozoobenthos of the highest on each of the stations is Polycentropus (66,67 ind/L) and Potadoma (266,67 ind/L). The abundance of macrozoobenthos of the highest found is Melanatria by 622,2 ind/L. Based on the value of the Index of Diversity (H) (0,367 – 0,602) the index of dominance (C) (0,132 – 0,386) and the evenness (E) (0,367 – 0,602) River Aek Buru in the category good condition with high species diversity. Physical and chemical factors of the water body capable of supporting life macrozoobenthos.</em></p> Arman Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-01-25 2022-01-25 3 1 292 298 10.46729/ijstm.v3i1.456