International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm <p>International Journal of Science, Technology &amp; Management (IJSTM) e-ISSN: <strong>2722-4015</strong> is an international scholarly refereed research journal which aims to promote the theory and practice of science, technology, innovation, engineering and management.</p> <p>Journal IJSTM published Six times a year in January, March, May, July, September and November</p> <p>A broad outline of the journal's scope includes; peer reviewed original research articles, case and technical reports, reviews and analyzes papers, short communications and notes to the editors, in interdisciplinary information on the practice and status of research in science, technology and Management</p> <p>IJSTM is an international journal providing a platform for research paper publishing. IJSTM publishes research papers in various science, technology and managemen topics.</p> <p>IJSTM is a collaboration between researchers from the entire Globe including the USA, UK, Europe and Indonesia.</p> en-US armanhrp82@yahoo.co.id (Arman Harahap) armanhrp82@yahoo.co.id (Paramadi) Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Electronic Word-Of-Mouth (E-Wom) Model and Consumer Decisions on Pantai Cermin Tourism https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/641 <p>The main objectives of this research are to study the factors that influence Electronic Word-Of-Mouth (E-Wom) and consumer decisions and to formulate the Electronic Word-of-Mouth (E-Wom) model and consumer decisions to travel on the beach. Deli Serdang Mirror. This study uses descriptive analysis, both qualitative and quantitative. Data analysis with statistics used is the Structural Equation Modeling (Structural Equation Modeling). Based on the analysis and discussion, it is concluded that there is a significant influence of <em>Service Quality </em>on <em>E-WOM</em>.<em>&nbsp; </em>There is a significant effect of <em>Price </em>on <em>E-WOM</em>. There is a significant effect of <em>Service Quality </em>on <em>Purchase </em>decisions. There is a significant effect of <em>E-WOM </em>on <em>Purchase </em>decisions. There is a significant effect of <em>E-WOM </em>on <em>Purchase </em>decisions.<em>&nbsp; </em>There is a significant influence of <em>Service Quality </em>on <em>Purchase decisions </em>through <em>E-WOM</em>.<em> And </em>there is a significant effect of <em>Price </em>on <em>Purchase decisions </em>through <em>E-WOM</em></p> Ahmad Rivai, Fiqrida Amalia, Sabaruddin Chaniago, Martin Martin, Nasib Nasib Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/641 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 04:17:43 +0000 Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Potential Ethanol Extract of Kemangi Leaves (Ocimum basilicum L.) Towards Staphylococcus aureus https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/630 <p>An infectious disease is a disease with the highest prevalence in the world, with a great risk of transmission. <em>Staphylococcus</em> <em>aureus</em> is a pathogen that can cause several infectious diseases. The use of kemangi leaves as vegetables can be used as an invention in treating infections caused by bacteria. The purpose of this study was a phytochemical screening test to determine what metabolites are contained and their potential activity against <em>Staphylococcus</em> <em>aureus</em>. The research method is to carry out a qualitative phytochemical screening test using reagents and an antibacterial potential test against <em>Staphylococcus</em> <em>aureus</em> using the Kirby-Bauer method (diffusion agar) with varying concentrations. The results showed that kemangi leaves extract showed positive results on the secondary metabolite compounds, were alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, and steroids/triterpenoids. The diameter of the inhibition zone at a concentration of 500 mg/mL showed the diameter of the inhibition zone was 11.93 ± 0.25 mm with the strong category group. The conclusion is that the ethanolic extract of kemangi leaves shows the ethanolic extract of kemangi leaves has potential as an antibacterial.</p> Angga Nugraha Sanjaya, Urip Harahap, Aminah Dalimunthe Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/630 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 04:24:04 +0000 Grouping Goods with the Association Rule Method Using A priori Algorithms in Modern Retail Stores https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/637 <p><em>The proliferation of retail companies in Indonesia makes competition quite fierce in this business. The availability of detailed information on products purchased from each customer transaction in the database will become data garbage, which continues to grow every day. Company managers will certainly be interested in knowing whether certain groups of products are consistently purchased together. They can use this data for optimal grouping and placement of products, and managers can also use this information for cross-selling, for promotions, for catalog design and to identify customer segments based on purchasing patterns. In this study, data mining with Association rule techniques was </em><em>used to explore patterns of attribute relationships and frequent itemsets in the Retail database. The a priori paradigm is used to find large itemsets in the determination of association rules. The integration of association rules with the a priori paradigm has managed to find a number of patterns of relationships between attributes in retail databases</em><em>.</em></p> Arif Rahmadsyah, Nova Mayasari Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/637 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 04:29:25 +0000 Design And Build A Double Roll Type Pecan Breaking Machine With A Power Of 0.5 Hp https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/680 <p><em>Pecan is one of the spices that become an ingredient in the process of the food and cosmetic industry. The pecan separator machine is made to facilitate and speed up the process of breaking the pecan fruit in order to increase work efficiency in the hope that the machine can achieve high efficiency in the form of good fruit yields. The purpose </em><em>of this pecan </em><em>fruit separator machine</em><em> is to help facilitate the community in processing pecan fruit to the maximum of its production, and the community can </em><em>also</em><em> increase the processing productivity of pecan fruit, which can improve the community's economy. The research</em><em> method </em><em>applied in this study is an experimental method, namely the initial stage of designing a double roll type pecan breaking machine using Auto CAD. Then build the machine in the workshop based on the design that has been done before</em><em>. </em><em>The stages passed are making design drawings in Auto CAD and analyzing the components used in the pecan breaking machine. Such components are the frame, inlet funnel, shaft, breaker roller, bearing and outlet funnel. From the results of the analysis, the motor power is 0.5 HP with a rotation of 1400 rpm. The belt length used from the calculation of the pulley size on the 3" machine and the pulley on the 10 </em><em>breaking roll is 42". For breaking rollers the outer diameter of the roller = 120 mm, the inner diameter of the roller = 100 mm, and the length of the roller = 190</em> <em>mm. The shaft on the drive motor is 24 mm in diameter. </em><em>The shaft is</em><em>estimated to be of S30C carbon steel with tensile strength = 48 kg/mm².</em></p> Arion Marslino Simanjuntak, sahat, winfrontstein Naibaho Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/680 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 02:15:29 +0000 Audit Delay : Influencing Factors (Case Study Of Large Trading Companies On The Indonesia Stock Exchange For The Period 2017 – 2021) https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/700 <p>presenting relevant information. Obstacles in the accuracy of the submission of <br>financial statements can certainly affect the market's response to the financial <br>statements presented. This study aims to analyze the factors that affect audit delay, <br>including company size, leverage and profitability. The implementation of the study <br>was carried out on thirteen Large Trading Companies during the 2017-2021 period <br>which totaled 65 data. The data analysis techniques used in this study are <br>descriptive statistical analysis, classical assumption testing, multiple linear <br>regression analysis, and hypothesis testing. The results showed that partially the <br>company size has a significant effect on audit delay, leverage has a significant effect <br>on audit delay, while profitability has no significant effect on audit delay.</p> Astuti Astuti, Christine Dewi Nainggolan, Lenny Dermawan Sembiring Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/700 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 02:28:41 +0000 Framing TOWS as Marketing Strategy Determiner of Medical Equipment in PT. Tawada Healthcare Jakarta Indonesia https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/640 <p><em>The present study reports the comprehensive framing study around healthcare marketing stategy, inside the era of globalization has led to intense competition in various industrial fields, including the medical equipment in healthcare industry. PT. Tawada Healthcare was founded in 1999 with the aim of becoming the most integrated, reliable and customer-based healthcare provider in Indonesia. Over the years the company added a variety of different brands and products to its portfolio to serve a wider customer base, the company focused on providing the best customer experience and offering the highest quality products to customers in Indonesia. currently represents 20 major international principals and has a network to market its products throughout the country, covering provinces and major cities. It has 13 branches including its head office in Jakarta. The decline in sales of orthopedic implant medical devices at PT. Tawada Healthcare Jakarta in 2020 due to the pandemic impact of 41% of the total sales target of orthopedic implants in 2020 of 120,000,000,000 IDR. The cause of the decline in sales of orthopedic implant medical devices at PT. Tawada Healthcare is the rise of competitors of similar orthopedic implant medical device companies. The covid19 pandemic that hit the world, including Indonesia, resulted in a decrease in the budget for the procurement of orthopedic implant medical devices from the government because the budget was allocated for handling the covid19 pandemic and the decreasing demand for orthopedic implant medical devices from users due to the covid19 pandemic. This study aims to provide an overview of the TOWS (threat, opportunity, weakness and strength) method approach as an alternative solution and determine the strategy for selling medical devices at PT. Tawada Healthcare in 2021-2022. </em></p> Asari Asari, Erlina Puspitaloka Mahadewi, Ira Marti Ayu, Susi Shorayasari Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/640 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 05:03:37 +0000 Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity Ethanolic Extract of Solanum mauritianum Scop Leaves Against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/648 <p><em>According to the Karo people, Solanum mauritianum Scop leaves are widely used as traditional medicine, which is used topically to treat sprains, wounds, and bruises because of their high phenol content. The purpose of this study was to identify the content of secondary metabolites (alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids, triterpenoids, and glycosides) that inhibit the antibacterial activity of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the diffusion method using paper discs from the ethanolic extract of Solanum mauritianum Scop leaves. The results of phytochemical screening showed that Solanum mauritianum Scop leaves were positive for alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, tannins, and steroids. Results The antibacterial activity test of the ethanolic extract of Solanum mauritianum Scop leaves showed effective results at a concentration of 80 mg/mL on Staphylococcus aureus with an inhibition zone diameter of 14.54 ± 0.13 mm. Meanwhile, Pseudomonas aeruginosa showed effective results at a concentration of 300 mg/mL with an inhibition zone diameter of 15.70 ± 0.09 mm. Both bacteria showed activity in the strong category. Conclusion The ethanolic extract of Solanum mauritianum Scop leaves has antibacterial activity against both test bacteria with a strong category</em></p> Ayu Meta Sari BR PA, Masfria, Panal Sitorus Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/648 Wed, 09 Nov 2022 02:59:15 +0000 Characteristics Of The Knowledge Service System On The Behavior Of Preventing The Transmission Of COVID-19 In The City Of Ternate https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/650 <p>Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the whole world including Indonesia, there has been a change <br>in habits in living life for all parties, including health service providers, especially hospitals, which <br>are the last bastion in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. The type of research used in this <br>study is a descriptive quantitative method, which is carried out on a set of objects which usually <br>aims to see the characteristics in order to determine the extent of knowledge, attitudes, family <br>support and use of media towards the knowledge service system about the behavior of preventing <br>transmission of Covid-19 patients in Indonesia. community in Ternate City. The population in this <br>study was all Covid-19 data recorded in medical records at the City Health Center in 2020, as <br>many as 118 civid 19 sufferers. The sampling technique was carried out by the total sample <br>method. The research was carried out in 2020. The results of the univariate analysis describe the <br>distribution of respondents based on demographic characteristics (gender, education level, <br>occupation, knowledge, family support attitudes and preventive behavior), with COVID-19 disease.</p> Didik Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/650 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 01:29:52 +0000 Analysis Of Work Environment And Social Rewards On Employee Performance https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/632 <p>Changes in online learning conditions towards offline learning require readiness to create an <br>atmosphere of togetherness and cohesiveness that is built for the common good. Changes at <br>least provide knowledge and experience for the world of education that the environment is <br>constantly changing. The Islamic University of Kalimantan (UNISKA) Muhammad Arsyad Al <br>Banjari as the oldest and largest private university in South Kalimantan needs to pay attention <br>to several factors including the work environment, non-physical environment and social rewards <br>as an effort to improve employee performance.This research is explanatory research with a <br>quantitative approach. The population of this research is UNISKA Banjarmasin education staff <br>with a total sample of 52 people, the sampling technique is purposive sampling. Multiple linear <br>regression analysis technique. The results showed that the physical work environment, nonphysical work environment and social rewards partially and simultaneously had a significant <br>effect on employee performance in the UNISKA Banjarmasin environment. The research <br>findings indicate that all physical conditions around the workplace are related to air <br>temperature, lighting and layout. Relationships with leaders and relationships with fellow coworkers as well as relationships with subordinates are well-established/harmonious even though <br>there is no increase in the form of financial impact on improving employee performance</p> Dwi Wahyu Artiningsih, Defin Shahrial Putra, Ervica Zamilah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/632 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 01:37:15 +0000 Public Service Digital Transformation Model In Supporting The Development Of A New Suro Village, Suro Makmur District https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/667 <p>The purpose of this study is to predict the increase in development and <br>public services in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District based on the <br>SEM model. The analytical model used in Structural Equation Modeling <br>(SEM) . Questionnaire data analysis will be processed using the SEM <br>method with the IBM-SPSS-AMOS program. The results of the study show <br>that 1) technology directly has a positive influence and significant to <br>development in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, Aceh Singkil <br>Regency. 2) Directly, infrastructure facilities have a positive and positive <br>influence significant to development in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur <br>District, Aceh Singkil Regency. 3) The potential has no influence on public <br>services in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, Aceh Singkil Regency. <br>4) Directly technology has a positive influence and significant to public <br>services in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, Aceh Singkil Regency. <br>5) Directly, infrastructure facilities have a positive and positive influence<br>significant to public services in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, <br>Aceh Singkil Regency. 6) Directly the potential to have a positive and <br>significant influence on public public services in Suro Baru Village, Suro <br>Makmur District, Aceh Singkil Regency. 7) Indirectly technology has a <br>positive influence and significant to public services through development in <br>Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, Aceh Singkil Regency. 8) <br>Indirectly, infrastructure has a positive and positive influence significant to <br>public services through development in Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur <br>District, Aceh Singkil Regency. 9) Indirectly the potential to have a positive <br>and significant influence on public public services through development in <br>Suro Baru Village, Suro Makmur District, Aceh Singkil Regency.</p> Darliansyah Darliansyah, Abdiyanto Abdiyanto, Rusiadi Rusiadi, Ade Novalina, Lia Nazliana Nasution, Suhendi Suhendi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/667 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 01:48:40 +0000 The Effect Of Job Pressure, Organizational Commitment And Job Satisfaction On Employee Performance With Motivation As A Moderating Variable In Rsu Royal Prima Medan https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/660 <p><em>This study aims to partially analyze the effect of job pressure, organizational commitment and job satisfaction on the performance of medical employees and non-medical employees at RSU Royal Prima Medan, analyze the moderating motivation to strengthen the effect of job pressure on the performance of medical and non-medical employees, analyze the moderating motivation to strengthen the influence organizational commitment to the performance of medical employees and non-medical employees, analyzing the moderating motivation to strengthen the effect of job satisfaction on the performance of medical employees and non-medical employees of RSU Royal Prima Medan. This study uses a quantitative description of the instrument questionnaire, the population is 692 medical and non-medical people, the sampling technique of probability sampling is calculated using the Slovin formula so that the number of samples is 87 people. The data analysis technique used the instrument quality test, the use of classical assumptions, moderated linear regression, t test (partial) and F test (simultaneous), the coefficient of determination test.</em></p> Earnasta Tarigan, Efendy Pakpahan, Elly Romy, Abednego Suranta Karo Sekali Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/660 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Performance Analysis Of Agricultural Extensive In Indonesia Based On Farmer Group View https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/672 <p>This study aims to determine the activities and performance of extension workers based on the perceptions of farmer groups in Makali District, Polman Regency. This type of research is descriptive research, namely research that describes the phenomenon of the research variables without testing the hypothesis. The research location is in Makali District, Polman Regency. The research population of the extension partners is the farmer group, totaling 60 farmer groups. A purposive sample assessment in which all the heads of the farmer groups were used as research samples representing their respective farmer groups. The results showed that the performance assessment of the extension workers in Matakali District, Polman Regency conducted by Extension Partners (Chairman of the Farmers Group) was 4096 points, which means that the performance of the extension workers in Matakali District, Polman Regency was in the Enough category. Several things that need to be done by extension workers in improving performance so that they are optimal are the preparation of extension planning data, application of extension methods, self-help and regional development, especially the development of the extension profession in creating scientific papers to be further improved and in accordance with the needs of extension workers and breeders in Makali District. Polman district</p> Hasanuddin Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/672 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 02:28:45 +0000 The Effect of Job Promotion on Work Motivation: Evidence from PT. Beiersdorf Indonesia https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/646 <p><em>Promotional opportunities offered by companies to employees will create a desire for employees to motivate themselves. This study aims to determine the effect of job promotion on employee performance at PT. Beiersdorf Indonesia by using a saturated sample of 50 respondents, where all the population is used as a sample with a significance level of error of 5% and with an r table of 0.284. Data processing is assisted by SPSS version 25 and Microsoft Excel. This study uses quantitative methods where data collection is done by observation, questionnaires, and documentation study methods. The test results showed the correlation coefficient of job promotion to work motivation was 0.699, which means it is strong and in the same direction because it is positive. In addition, the coefficient of determination is 0.488 (48.8%) and the rest (51.2%) is influenced by other factors that are not included in the variables of this study. The regression equation (Y = 7.051 + 0.431X) shows that there is a positive influence between job promotions and employee motivation at PT. Beiersdorf Indonesia.</em></p> Irwan Raharja, Zahra Firdaus, Dedy Syahyuni Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/646 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 02:32:47 +0000 Analysis Of Idx 30 Stock Portfolio Performance During Covid 19 Pandemic https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/689 <p>Investors need to do proper analysis before making a decision in <br>investing. If the investor does not do the right analysis, the investor <br>will experience significant losses. One of the analyzes used is CAPM, <br>and for the next step the researcher evaluates the performance of the <br>stock portfolio. This study aims to analyze the performance evaluation <br>of stock portfolios during the covid 19 pandemic. The research objects <br>were companies registered in IDX 30 during the period January 2020 <br>to July 2022. The result of this study is the Treynor index is the most <br>indicative of conformity without differences between the three <br>measures, as Treynor. Its value is similar to Sharpe and the Jensen <br>index has the smallest difference.</p> Juan Anastasia Putri, Elly Susanti, Ruth Tridianty Sianipar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/689 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 16:00:50 +0000 Determining Sustanaibility Of Urban Settlement In The Center Of City Yogyakarta Indonesia https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/647 <p>Urban settlements where urban areas in Indonesia are known as urban villages are one of the distinctive <br>characters of cities in Indonesia, especially in Java. Many urban villages are threatened with <br>sustainability due to the impact of urban development. This research is one of the research models that <br>examines the sustainability of urban villages in Yogyakarta, call it 'kampung kota'. Measurement of <br>sustainability is carried out both from qualitative aspects, namely socio-economic observations, as well as <br>quantitative aspects by measuring the value of Floor Area Ratio (FAR), Energy Consumption Intensity, <br>and Mobility which consists of walkability and bikeability. The conclusion is that urban village life in <br>Yogyakarta currently still has a good level of sustainability, for example in the FAR aspect which is still <br>safe, and the level of mobility is walkable and bikeable. However, the life of the urban village faces a <br>threat of sustainability with the intensity of energy consumption being quite wasteful and several socioeconomic aspects such as environmental conditions, government support, economic stability, and <br>community initiatives. To be able to maintain the sustainability of a number of development efforts are <br>needed to maintain the urban village so that it can remain sustainable.</p> Luhur Sapto Pamungkas, Arif Kusumawanto, Atyanto Dharoko Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/647 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 17:15:49 +0000 The Effect Of Motivation And Emotional Intelligence On Kinemployee Work In Central Tapanuli District Government https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/678 <p>This study aims to determine the effect of motivation and emotional intelligence on employee performance in the government of Central Tapanuli Regency. The number of samples in this study was 146. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire under the indicators of each variable used. The data obtained were then analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that motivation and emotional intelligence simultaneously has a significant effect on the performance of employees in the Government of Central Tapanuli Regency. The results of the t-test show that motivation and emotional intelligence significantly influence employee performance. The emotional intelligence factor has a more dominant influence on employee performance compared to motivation.</p> Mansur Tanjung, Dawn of Fortune Ananda lubis Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/678 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 17:20:38 +0000 Product Innovation As A Mediation Variable Influences Market Orientation And Entrepreneurial Orientation In Increasing The Competitive Advantage Of The Msme Sector Processed By Patin Fish In Patin Village, Koto Mesjid Village, District Xiii Koto Kampa https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/668 <p>This study aims to measure the effect of market orientation, entrepreneurial <br>orientation, and product innovation as mediating variables on strategies to <br>increase competitive advantage in the Catfish Processed MSME Sector in <br>Patin Village, Koto Mesjid Village, District XIII Koto Kampar. The study <br>used a quantitative approach where primary data was collected through a <br>survey of 70 respondents, and the statistical technique Partial Least Square <br>(PLS) was used to process the data. The study's results confirm that market <br>orientation significantly affects product innovation and competitive <br>advantage, both direct and indirect effects, through the mediation of <br>product innovation variables. Furthermore, the entrepreneurial orientation <br>variable influences the product innovation variable and competitive <br>advantage, either directly or indirectly, through the product innovation <br>variable. Still, some other factors or variables affect the competitive <br>advantage variable.</p> Mashur Fadli, Meyzi Heriyanto, Kasmirudin Kasmirudin, Lie Othman Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/668 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 17:27:06 +0000 Formulation and Evaluation of Sustained Release Microcapsule of Metronidazole https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/643 <p>The oral conventional metronidazole dosage forms have a short duration of action due to gastric emptying process, hence the treatment of ulcus pepticum using metronidazole become less effective. Due to retaining the dosage form in the stomach, a preparation form of sustained released drug delivery systems has been developed. The aim of this study was to developed a sustained released drug delivery systems of metronidazole using alginate and chitosan as polymers that could last longer in stomach. The formulation consisted of variatons in chitosan 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%. The drug released test was carried out using paddle method in simulated gastric medium pH 1.2 at 37°C. The dissolution test results showed that formula with 0.75% of chitosan giving the best sustained released effect and the kinetics drug realeased of microcapsule followed Higuchi order. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that microcapsules of metronidazole with a combination of alginate and chitosan can be prepared as sustained released formulation.</p> Natassya Manda Leo, Hakim Bangun, Urip Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/643 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 17:32:28 +0000 Effect Of Inflation, Exchange Rates, And Trading Volume Activity On Stock Price Indices During The Covid-19 Pandemic On Companies In The Basic Industry And Chemical Sectors https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/693 <p>Covid-19 has an impact on the economy, where ADB decreased with estimates in Asian Developing <br>Countries by 3.0 ppts to 2.2%, and for ASEAN by 3.7 ppts to 1.0% (ASEAN, 2020). In addition, one of the <br>indicators that shows that the occurrence of stock market movements, can be seen through the country's <br>stock price index. The Composite Stock Price Index (JCI), which is one of the benchmarks for the <br>Indonesian stock market, on March 5, 2020 was at 5,638.13 and experienced a low on March 24, 2020 at <br>3,937.63. This study aims to determine the effect of inflation, exchange rate, and TVA on the stock price <br>index in the basic and chemical industry sectors, which in this case uses data in the period January 2020 -<br>June 2022, namely the period where the stock price index of the basic industry and chemical sectors shows a <br>downward trend in April 2020 and November 2020. The sampling technique used in this study was <br>purposive sampling samples so that 64 Companies in the Basic and Chemical Industries Sector were <br>obtained listed on the IDX. The data analysis technique used in this study uses descriptive statistical analysis <br>to describe the data that has been collected. The results of the study for the F test showed that inflation, <br>exchange rates and TVA had a positive and significant effect on the stock price index. While the results of <br>the t-test show that inflation has a positive and insignificant effect, the exchange rate has a positive and <br>significant effect on the stock price index, and TVA has a negative and insignificant effect on the stock price <br>index.</p> Nelly Ervina, Khairul Azwar, Elly Susanti, Christine Dewi Nainggolan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/693 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 15:26:00 +0000 The Effect Of Return On Assets, Laverage And Earnings Per Share On Stock Prices With Dividend Policy As Moderating Variables On Property And Real Estate Companies Listed On The Indonesia Stock Exchange For 2016-2019 Period https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/658 <p><em>This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of Return On Assets, Laverage, Earning Per Share on Stock Prices with Dividend Policy as moderating variables in property and real estate companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the 2016-2019 period. Sample selection was done by using purposive sampling method. The data used is secondary data obtained from the website www.idx.co.id. Data analysis was carried out by calculating the PLS Algorithm using SmartPLS and then testing the hypothesis. The results show that Return On Assets and Earning Per Share have a significant effect on the direction of a positive relationship to Stock Prices, while Laverage has no effect on Stock Prices, and Dividend Policy is able to moderate the effect of Return On Assets on Stock Prices, while Dividend Policy is not able to moderate the influence of Laverage. and Earning Per Share to Share Price.</em></p> Nova Sari Manullang, Efendy Pakpahan, Aremi Br Tarigan, Enda Noviyanti Simorangkir Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/658 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 07:44:23 +0000 Influence Of Marketing Strategy And Service Quality On Purchase Decisions Through Consumer Satisfaction As Intervening Variables In Hotel Permata Land Rantau Prapat https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/659 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of service quality on purchasing decisions through customer satisfaction at Hotel Permata Land Rantau Prapat. The number of samples taken in this study using the Lemeshow formula, namely 96 people. Determination of the sample in this study was carried out by non-probability sampling. The method used is path analysis. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the marketing strategy had a significant positive effect on the purchasing decision of Permata Land Hotel. Service quality has a significant positive effect on purchasing decisions, marketing strategy has a significant positive effect on consumer satisfaction, then service quality has a significant positive effect on consumer satisfaction, consumer satisfaction has a significant positive effect on purchasing decisions, marketing strategy has a significant positive effect on consumer satisfaction at Permata Land Hotel. The results of this study indicate that the better the marketing strategy carried out by the company affects purchasing decisions so that the level of consumer satisfaction will be high, it can be seen from the value of the significant results of marketing strategies that affect purchasing decisions through customer satisfaction obtained. Service quality has a significant positive effect on purchasing decisions through customer satisfaction.&nbsp; </em></p> Olivia Dame Masterina, Efendy Pakpahan, Yeni Ariesa, Syaifuddin Syaifuddin Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/659 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 07:51:16 +0000 Halal Tourism Model Based On Local Wisdom In Bukit Lawang As One Of The Branding Efforts Towards Excellent Primadona North Sumatra https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/666 <p><em>The purpose of this research is to find a model of amenity formulation, word of mounth and halal knowledge on halal tourism brand image and tourist satisfaction. The method of analysis in the first year in this study used the approach SEM</em> <em>(Structural Equation Modeling) </em><em>in building the concept of attractiveness, accessibility and tourism awareness </em><em>in increasing tourist loyalty through out-of-school education. While in the second year, namely the application of a youth-based out-of-school education model in creating a Tangkahan brand image to be excellent in North Sumatra. The results of the study show that 1) </em><em>Direct </em><em>amenity </em><em>has a positive influence and</em> <em>significant to the brand image </em><em>in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>2) Directly the </em><em>word of Mount </em><em>has a positive and </em><em>insignificant </em><em>effect on the brand image </em><em>of </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>3) Halal knowledge has a positive influence and</em> <em>significant effect on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>4) </em><em>A mentality </em><em>directly has a positive influence and</em> <em>significant effect on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>5) Directly the </em><em>word of Mount </em><em>has a positive and </em><em>insignificant </em><em>effect on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>6) Halal knowledge directly has a positive and positive effect</em> <em>significant effect on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>7) Indirectly brand image has a significant role in mediating </em><em>amenity </em><em>to </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>8) Indirectly brand image has a significant role in mediating the word of mounth on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang. </em><em>9) Indirectly brand image has a significant role in mediating halal knowledge on </em><em>tourist satisfaction in </em><em>Bukit Lawang.</em></p> Pantun Harianja Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/666 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 07:56:03 +0000 Human Development Index And Employment Provision In Medan City https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/644 <p><em>This study aims to analyze the effect of economic growth and the number of industries on the provision of employment in the city of Medan. Where there are two dependent variables, namely the human development index and employment. There are five independent variables, namely GRDP, number of industries, population, wages and local revenue. This study uses secondary data or time series, namely from 2015 to 2021. The data analysis model in this study uses the Simultaneous Regression method. There is one variable for simultaneous results that shows an effect on the human development index, namely GRDP and has a positive and significant effect on the human development index. For the effect on employment, there are two variables for simultaneous results that show the effect on employment, namely the number of residents has a negative and significant effect on employment and wages have a positive and significant effect on employment.</em></p> Raynaldo Raynaldo Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/644 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 08:00:07 +0000 Post-Covid-19 Disposible Income Resistance Against Community Welfare In Regency Aceh Singkil https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/663 <p><em>The purpose of the study was to examine how much resilience the community's disposable income was due to COVID-19, and the factors for increasing farmer productivity in Tanah Bara Village, Gunung Meriah District based on the SEM model. The main problems studied are the decline in the resilience of disposable income due to lack of capital in opening wider agricultural land, soil fertility which is increasingly polluted which causes unable to cultivate crops, narrow land cannot increase the area of ​​land owned, seed quality is not good. which causes crop failure or poor yields, the number of plant pests that cause death and does not produce and the lack of human resources in agricultural and plantation management The analytical model used in Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to see the causal effect of several independent variables, namely the quality of fertilizer , capital, soil fertility, seed quality, technology, pests, number of workers to increase farmer productivity in Tanah Bara Village, Gunung Meriah District. The results showed that there were 3 factors that influenced the income and welfare of the community, namely factor 1 which consisted of the quality of fertilizer, capital, soil fertility and labor. Factor 2 which consists of seed quality and technology and factor 3 which consists of pests.</em></p> Rosliana Rosliana, Oktarini Khamilah Siregar, Hasrul Azwar Hasibuan, Rahmat Hidayat, Samrin Samrin, Suhendi Suhendi, Ade Novalina Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/663 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 08:12:00 +0000 Analysis of Factors Affecting the Utilization of PTM Posbindu at the Jailolo Health Center, West Halmahera Regency https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/635 <p><strong>Backgroud :</strong> Posbindu PTM is a form of service that involves community participation through promotive and preventive efforst to detect and control early on the presence of PTM risk factors in an integrated manner. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the utilization of PTM Posbindu at the Jailolo Health Center, West Halmahera Regency. This type of research uses cross sectional approach with a cross sectional study. The population was 201 participants with the sampling technique using the Slovin formula,namely 134 pasticipants. Data obtained by conducting interviews using a questionnaire. Data analysis was univariate and bivariate with che square statistical test with a value of=0,05. Based oh the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between knowledge p-value=0,001&lt;alpha (α=0,05), family support p-value=0,004&lt;alpha (α=0,05), while the unrelated is attitude p-value=1.568&lt;alpha value (α=0.05), health worker support p-value=1.249&lt;alpha value (α=0.05) and PTM cadre support p-value=0.941&lt;alpha value (α=0.05) on the utilization of PTM Posbindu at the Jailolo Health Center, West Halmahera Regency. It is recommended that participants take part in PTM Posbindu activities so that they can prevent PTM disease from an early age. Health workers and PTM cadres are more active in approaching or coordinating so that participants want to visit PTM Posbindu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Rosmila Tuharea, Yusnita Yusnita, Hairudin La Patilaiya, Sumaryati Sumaryati, Sahril Amin Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/635 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Coastal Area Development Through Mangrove Planting and Tree Foster Parents as Climate Change Restoration and Mitigation Efforts Sedari Village, Cibuaya District, Karawang Regency https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/695 <p>The global community is faced with a number of problems such as the climate <br>crisis. The coastal area is one area that is vulnerable to abrasion and the impact <br>of the climate crisis. Sedari Village is one of the areas on the coast that has the <br>risk of abrasion and climate change. Therefore, PT Pertamina Patraniaga <br>Cikampek BBM Terminal carries out a coastal area development program <br>through planting mangroves and foster parent trees. Community empowerment <br>activities aim to map the activities needed for environmental restoration. Within <br>the framework of management science in general, activities consist of planning, <br>organizing, implementing, and evaluating. Within the framework of management <br>science in general, activities consist of planning, organizing, implementing, and <br>evaluating. Based on community empowerment activities, it is concluded that <br>coastal area development activities through mangrove planting and OTAP <br>initiation have a high urgency value. then the activity is a collaboration between <br>communities based on academic, industrial, community, government and media <br>groups.</p> Taufik Ismail, M. Andhika Putra, Cita Insani M Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/695 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 15:29:50 +0000 Marketing Strategy Of Smes For Durability On Covid Pandemic-19 Session https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/677 <p><em>The economy is one of the most important pillars in state activities, the wheels of the economy are run by various sectors and the MSME sector is a sector that has a major contribution to building the economy in Indonesia. As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic that entered Indonesia in early 2020 and spread rapidly to various regions and caused major disruptions to ongoing economic activities. One of the biggest impacts was felt by most MSMEs so they were forced to go out of business due to not being able to survive the difficult conditions during the Covid-19 pandemic. For this reason, researchers want to know the marketing strategy implemented by culinary tourism that has succeeded in maintaining the durability of its business during the Covid-19 pandemic. The type of research used in this study is qualitative research. This study uses 4 samples of MSMEs for culinary tourism in Malang, namely Depot Hok Lay Cwie Mie culinary tours, Mie Bakar Celaket culinary tours, Bakso President culinary tours and Seoulscents Korean Café culinary tours. The results of this study. The results of this study indicate that 4 MSMEs for culinary tourism in Malang City have their own ways of building and adjusting the 4P Mix Marketing marketing strategy in order to maintain the durability of their business during the Covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> Supriono Supriono, Sudarmiatin Sudarmiatin, Agus Hermawan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/677 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 16:31:23 +0000 Stock Price Prediction Model On Automotive Companies And Its Components Listed On The Indonesia Stock Exchange https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/665 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to analyze whether economic value added and profitability (ROA) can affect prices for automotive companies and their components on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. This study uses 12 automotive companies and their components listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2014-2019. Methods of collecting data by means of documentation or literature study. The sampling technique in this study used purposive sampling and the ardl panel research method. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there are nine automotive companies on the Indonesian stock exchange, namely; PT. Astra International, Tbk; PT. Astra Otoparts, Tbk; PT. Indo Kordsa, Tbk; PT. Goodyear Indonesia, Tbk; PT. Gajah Tunggal, Tbk; PT. Multi Prima Sejahtera, Tbk; PT. Multistrada Directions Sarana, Tbk; PT. Nippres, Tbk; PT. Prima Alloy Steel Universal, Tbk, Economic Value Added and Profitability variables have a significant influence on stock prices. While in two companies, namely PT. Indomobil Sukses Internasional, Tbk and PT. Selamat Sempurna, Tbk, only the Economic Value Added variable has a significant influence on stock prices. And in one company, namely PT. Indospring, Tbk only profitability variables that significantly affect stock prices. In general, Economic Value Added and Profitability are leading indicators for controlling stock prices. However, on a panel basis, neither of the two has been able to become a leading indicator for controlling share prices in automotive companies and their components on the Indonesian stock exchange. This is because the two variables have not provided a stable influence on a panel basis for all companies studied as automotive companies and their components on the Indonesian stock exchange.</em></p> Rulliyani Rulliyani, Nur Subiantoro, Nasib Nasib, Teja Rinanda Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/665 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 02:43:00 +0000 The Effect Of Product Quality, Price, And Innovation On Marketing Performance Moderated Consumer Purchasing Power In UMKM Of Boba Drinks In Deli Serdang https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/642 <p>The purpose of this study was to see the effect of product quality, price, and innovation on marketing performance moderated by the purchasing power of consumers in UMKM of Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang. This study uses an associative research approach. The population of this study is all the users of&nbsp; UMKM in the beverage sector (especially beverage Boba) in the District of Deli Serdang. The population in this research does not know certain, and the sample in this study takes 100 UMKM Boba Drinks based on the Lemeshow formula. Sample of 100 UMKM boba drinks. in the District of Deli Serdang distributed in districts located in urban areas, district Kec. Tanjung Morawa, District.Percut Sei Tuan, District .Sunggal, District. Lubuk Pakam, District. Labuhan Deli. Each city took 20 UMKM&nbsp; as a sample.</p> <p>Hypothesis test in this research using regression hierarchy. Based on the results of research product quality affects the marketing performance of UMKm Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang regency. Price affects the marketing performance of B UMKM Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang regency. Innovation affects the marketing performance of UMKM Boba &nbsp;Drinks in Deli Serdang regency. Purchasing ability can moderate the influence of product quality on the marketing performance of UMKM Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang regency. Purchasing ability can moderate the influence of prices on the marketing performance of UMKM Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang regency. Purchasing ability can moderate the influence of innovation on the marketing performance of &nbsp;UMKM Boba Drinks in Deli Serdang regency.</p> Satria Tirtayasa Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/642 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 16:39:36 +0000 Improving the Competence of Human Resources for the Development of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Medan City which is mediated by the use of Information Technology https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/636 <p><em>The research is purposed to test and analyzed whether human resources affect UKMK development in Medan city by using information technology as an intervening variable. the kind of research is using the associative approach. The population of the research is an MSME user in Medan city divided into kinds of business, fashion, furniture, education, agriculture, fishery, healthy and automotive. There is the determination of the amount of the sample to use with the census method based on Stratify Random Sampling definition and the sample obtainable is 100. This research consists of the independent variable being the competency of human resources, the dependent variable being UMKM development, and an intervening variable being the user of information technology. the analysis of this research is using descriptive method. Structural Equation Modeling Analyzed based on variance (Partial Least Square). The result of the research are: (1) there are effects between human resource competency and UMKM development. (2) there are effects between information technology users and MSME development. (3) there are effects between human resource competency and information technology users. (4) there are effects between human resource competency and MSME development with mediated information technology users.</em></p> Tomy Sun Siagian, Dhea Agusty Ningrum Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/636 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 16:44:13 +0000 Soil Characterization In Ex-Manganese Mining Land In North-Central Timor District, East Nusa Tenggara https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/631 <p><em>Manganese (Mn) mining in North Central Timor results in open land conditions that can change soil qualities. The aim of this study was to determine physical characteristics and chemical properties of the soil in the ex-manganese mining areas. The study was performed from June – September 2021. Soil characterization was carried out at selected locations where manganese mining was carried out both traditionally and using technology. The soil characteristics measured were texture, water content, bulk density, mass density, porosity, organic matter content, pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), organic C, total nitrogen (N), total phosphorus (P), total potassium (K), and total Mn. The results showed that the physical characteristics of the soil on ex-Mn mining land from 5 villages in TTU, NTT are dominated by sand texture which results in low water content (3.39 - 9.46 %), soil porosity (14.96 - 59.31 %), and high bulk density (1.18 - 1.49 g cm-3). Characteristics of soil chemical properties showed low pH (&lt; 7), organic matter (0.06 – 0.81%), organic C (0.03 – 0.22 %), total N contents (0.05 – 0.22%), and high total P (14.77 – 61.44 me 100 g<sup>-</sup>), K (66.66 – 71.18 me 100 g<sup>-</sup>), and Mn (18.802 – 24.055 ppm) contents. Land must be reclaimed Reclamation can be done by land management, top soil conservation, planting pioneer crops or cover crops.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Wilda Lumban Tobing Tobing, Maria Magdalena Kolo, Deseriana Bria, Mahardika Putra Purba, Efieno Maria Paulo Soares Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/631 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:46:03 +0000 Analysis Of Variation Of Paddle Wheel Photovoltaic Wheel Form In Microalgae Cultivation On Electricity Consumption https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/669 <p>The main problem that is often found in the failure of microalgae production is poor water quality <br>during the maintenance period. One of the causes of deteriorating water quality is the lack of oxygen <br>which endangers microalgae which can inhibit cell growth so that it can reduce its productivity. On <br>this basis, efforts are needed to refresh the water or aeration to help increase the dissolved oxygen <br>(DO) level in the microalgae growth container using a paddle wheel. The development of an aerator <br>blade design that has optimum efficiency is needed to reduce high electricity consumption and see <br>more effective cell growth. For these problems, in this study, variations of the paddle wheel will be <br>analyzed. Variations in the shape of the wheel used, namely straight and curved with the available <br>aerators, are expected to have an optimum speed, area coverage and increase the amount of <br>dissolved oxygen (DO). The method used is the experimental method . Based on this research, it was <br>found that an increase in the value of cell growth occurred in variations in the shape of a straight <br>paddle wheel of 122 cells/ml .</p> Winfrontstein Naibaho, Welmar Olfan Basten Barat, Romson Hiras Naibaho Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/669 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 01:30:06 +0000 Analysis Of Debt To Total Asset, Return On Asset, Cash Ratio And Their Impact On Dividend Payout Ratio With Firm Size As Intervening Variable In Go Public Companies In The Primary Consumer Goods Sector That Recorded In Idx Period 2017-2019 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/661 <p><em>This study aims to analyze the effect of Debt to Total Assets, Return On Assets, Cash Ratio on Dividend Payout Ratio with Firm Size as an Intervening Variable in Go Public Companies in the Primary Consumer Goods sector recorded in IDX for the 2017-2019 period. The population in this study are consumption companies with food and beverage, cigarettes, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and household goods and household appliances sub-sectors. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling, in order to obtain 22 companies with 3 years of observation to 66 observations. The data analysis tool uses SmartPLS 3.0. The results of the analysis show that DAR, ROA, and Cash Ratio have a positive but not significant effect on Dividend Policy, Firm Size has a positive and significant effect on DPR, Firm Size is not able to mediate the influence of DAR, ROA, and Cash Ratio on DPR policy. DAR, ROA, and Cash Ratio can explain the DPR by 16.5% while the remaining 83.5% is explained by other variables. Suggestions for investors to choose a company that has a high DAR, ROA, and Cash ratio and a large Firm Size.</em></p> Yan Raja David Hamonangan Damanik, Nagian Toni, Elly Romi, Kuras Purba Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/661 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 01:33:41 +0000 Formulation And Evaluation Of Nanoemulgel Clove Leaf Oil (Sygyzium Aromaticum) (L.) Merr & Perry As Anti-Acne https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/681 <p><em>Acne also known as acne vulgaris, is an inflammatory condition of the polysebaceous layer that is brought on by the buildup of keratin. Active oil glands under the skin cause acne. Androgen hormones function as a stimulant for this activity.</em> <em>Cloves are herbal plants that contain essential oil chemicals.</em> <em>The chemical composition of clove leaf oil is mainly composed of eugenol.</em> <em>Eugenol has pharmacological effects as antibacterial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory.</em> <em>Nanoemulsion is a nanocarrier that gets a lot of attention, because of its small particle size so that it can be thermodynamically stable and can increase drug penetration. Recent advances in nanoemulsion research have created new prospects in a number of industries, including pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food, and cosmetics. This research was conducted by formulating clove leaf oil into nanoemulgel preparations, followed by evaluation of the preparations and testing of antibacterial activity against acne-causing bacteria.</em> <em>The result of the nanoemulgel formulation is yellow, smells of clove leaf oil, is transparent and homogeneous. Nanoemulgel viscosity 3434-3109 M.Pas, pH 6.15-6.41 and particle size 12.3-13.3 nm. Physical studies of nanoemulgel been carried out for three cycles and there is no change in color, change in odor and phase separation. The results of the antibacterial activity of Staphylococcus epidermidis at NEG1 12.03 mm, NEG2 16.93 mm, NEG3 18.96 mm and EG 18.03 mm. The results of the antibacterial activity of Propionibacterium acnes at NEG1 11.50 mm, NEG2 16.16 mm, NEG3 18.03 mm and EG 17.33 mm. The results of the study concluded that clove leaf oil nanoemulgel with a concentration of 7% was the best formula, because it is stable during storage and has the greatest antibacterial activity compared to emulgel.</em></p> Yoan Dasawanti, Julia Reveny, Sumaiyah Sumaiyah Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/681 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 01:37:25 +0000 Optimization of Transaction Processing System (TPS) Using RAD With FAST Method https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/638 <p><em>The use of computer-based information systems today has been understood by most companies in order to survive and succeed well. The transaction processing system (TPS) is a computerized system that runs and records daily routine business transactions that serve the operational level in the company. Information systems of purchase, inventory, sales are part of the TPS widely used by companies. The problem here is how to ensure that the system is connected to the organization's business plan and information requirements, where often a system that is built is not in accordance with the wishes of the user. Meanwhile, manual information systems can cause problems such as data redundancy, inconsistent data, irregular recording, miscalculations, difficulty in finding data and delays in presenting reports. To build the information system, the Framework for the Application of System Thinking (FAST)</em><em> method will be used with a Rapid Application Development (RAD) approach that uses selected prototype features. The solution is expected to build an information system that can bring together user requirements and help companies process purchase, inventory and sales data in an integrated manner, so as to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of retail data processing.</em></p> Yusuf Sofyan, Wirda Fitriani, Heri Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/638 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 01:47:14 +0000 Identification Model Of Job Description, Compensation, Rotation Work And The Impact On Employee Performance https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/664 <p><em>The research objective is to improve the competence and performance of employees </em><em>at Indosat Ooredo outlets </em><em>based on the SEM model on the variables of </em><em>training and development, job description , compensation and job rotation. </em><em>The method of analysis in this study uses a Structural approach Equation Modeling (SEM). The SEM model is used to predict the </em><em>training and development model, job description , compensation and job rotation </em><em>on work culture and employee performance. </em><em>The population in this study were 120 </em><em>employees at Indosat Ooredoo </em><em>outlets </em><em>. The sample of this research data was taken based on the census sample, that is, all of the population was used as a sample, namely 120 respondents. The data used is primary data where respondents get data for the questionnaire. Meanwhile, the data collection method used in this study was a questionnaire and interviews. The results showed that direct competence had no effect on job satisfaction while job description, compensation and job rotation had a significant effect on job satisfaction. Directly competence, job description and job rotation and job satisfaction have a significant effect on employee performance while compensation is not significant on employee performance. Indirectly, satisfaction has a significant role in mediating competence, job description and compensation on employee performance, while job satisfaction has no role in mediating job rotation on employee performance.</em></p> Yohni Anwar, Vishnu Dewanto Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/664 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 01:59:13 +0000 Characteristics Of Kalimantan Community Empowerment To Prevent The Transmission Of Covid-19 In The City Of South Ternate https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/682 <p><em>Corona virus is a zoonosis (transmitted between animals and humans). Based on scientific evidence, COVID-19 can be transmitted from human to human through coughing/sneezing droplets (droplets). 19 including those treating COVID-19 patients. The purpose of the results of the study was to find out the people of Kalumata to prevent the transmission of covid. The type of research used in this study is quantitative with a Cross Sectional Study design which is one of the observational studies to determine the characteristics of the Kalumata community empowerment to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. Where the research is a Cross Sectional Study, researchers look for characteristics between the independent variable (covid 19 empowerment) and the dependent variable (prevention of transmission) by taking instantaneous measurements. Characteristics of the empowerment of the Kalumata community in preventing the transmission of COVID-19 in the city of South Ternate. The population in this study was the entire number of people who received treatment for COVID-19 patients who carried out examinations at the Kalumata Health Center, South Ternate City, as many as 95 positive COVID-19 patients. The results of the analysis showed that the level of knowledge (62.2%). Compared to the attitude variable (81.8%), compared to the social media variable (94.7%) people know about it compared to Covid sufferers (84.2%). Compared with not suffering that is (15,8%). The conclusion is that it can be suggested because the covid 19 disease is a health problem that occurs without our knowledge, therefore to prevent the transmission of covid 19 to us, it is necessary to have early prevention by preventing various causative factors that trigger triggers that can be controlled, such as public knowledge there is still not enough information about covid 19 so that it can spread to other people.</em></p> Monisa A Hi Djafar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/682 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 02:01:45 +0000 Phytochemical Screening and Formulation of Hand Sanitizer Gel Preparations from Temu Hitam Rhizome Extract (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb) https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/684 <p>Temu Hitam (<em>Curcuma aeruginosa</em> Roxb) is one of the most widely grown plants in Indonesia at an altitude of 400–750 m asl and contains many secondary metabolites, including flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, and curcuminoids, which in the test had antibacterial activity and growth inhibitors. worm larvae in the gastrointestinal tract and the effect of increasing the body's immunity The purpose of this study was to identify the content of secondary metabolites contained in the rhizome of black turmeric, which would then be formulated into gel hand sanitizer preparations. Secondary metabolite testing was conducted on alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids/triterpenoids, and glycosides. Three different hand sanitizer gel formulations were created using different extract concentrations, 5%, 10%, and 15%. Evaluation tests were then run on the preparations, including stability, organoleptic, homogeneity, pH, and dispersion tests. Alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and steroids were found in the temu hitam rhizome, according to the results of secondary metabolite testing. The dosage form was semi-solid, had a light brown to blackish brown hue, a distinct spice scent, was homogeneously prepared, and had a pH of 7.0, according to the examination of the formulation results &nbsp;4,1 ± 0,17; 4,4 ± 0,19; 4,9 ± 0,08; 4,9 ± 0,09, viscosity 2378 ± 209,9; 3340 ± 220,7; 4509 ± 285,6; 4881 ±&nbsp; 276,7; and spreadability test 5; 6,2; 5,4; 4,9 cm . The conclusion of this study is that the results of the phytochemical screening of simplicia and the ethanolic extract of the Temu Hitam rhizome showed positive results, containing secondary metabolites of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, glycosides, and steroids/triterpenoids that can be formulated into hand sanitizer gel preparations that meet the requirements for preparation evaluation.</p> Rika Puspita Sari, Zola Efa Harnis, Nina Irmayanti Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/684 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 02:07:18 +0000 Plankton Diversity in Aek Rao River Gunung Tua https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/687 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the index of plankton diversity in the Aek Rao River, Gunung Tua. The research was carried out from April to May 2022 in the Aek Rao River, Gunung Tua. The sampling method used purposive random sampling which consisted of 3 observation stations, namely station 1 upstream, station 2 for residential areas and station 3 for densely populated areas. The results showed that the composition of plankton in the Aek Rao River, Gunung Tua consisted of 3 classes of phytoplankton, namely Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Cyanophyceae, while the zooplankton class consisted of 4 classes, namely Mastigophora, Monogononta, Crustacea and Ciliophora. The highest diversity index in phytoplankton was obtained at station 1 of the sand mining area with a value of 1, 39 which indicates that the level of diversity is in the medium category. In zooplankton the highest diversity index was found at station 3 with a value of 0.33 which indicated that the level of diversity was included in the low category. While the highest dominance index for phytoplankton was found at station 3 in densely populated areas with a value of 0.43 while zooplankton was found at station 1 in a sand mining area with a value of 0.00563, both values ​​indicated that there was no dominant plankton genus in that area.</em></p> Arman Harahap Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/687 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 02:09:36 +0000 Management Of Strengthening Student Character Education To Realize The Students Graduates Quality In Spk-Sma Saint John’s Catholic School And Insan Cendekia Madani Sma https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/690 <p><em>The </em><em>This research is driven by the problems in implementing character education at school which have not yet met the expectations. It is closely related to the management of strengthening character education which plays an important role but has not been implemented effectively. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach-case study method. Data collection techniques were carried out through: (1) in-depth interviews, (2) direct observations, and (3) documentation studies. In general, this study aims to identify and analyze the management of strengthening character education to produce the quality graduates. Specifically, it is also to find out and analyze: (1) the planning process, (2) implementation, (3) evaluation, (4) follow-ups, (5) problems, (6) solutions, and (7) results of strengthening character education related to the quality of graduates at Saint John's Catholic School and Insan Cendekia Madani High School, South Tangerang City, Banten.The theoretical foundation used is Total Quality Management (TQM). As an approach, TQM is expected to to raise the quality of graduates with strong characters and thus, increase the customer satisfaction, improved quality, and commitment. To improve the quality, the Deming Cycle or PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, and Act) method is used to ensure any deviation or failure to be detected and corrected quickly. Hence, the efforts to strengthen character education have an impact to the students, not only the cognitive aspect (moral knowing), but also the affective (moral feeling), and psychomotor (moral behavior). The results of this study indicate that: (1) The management planning for strengthening character education has referred to the vision, mission, goals, and values of the school. It is necessary to clarify the order of priority to solve the occuring problems. (2) The implementation of strengthening character education has been going well. However, school principals need to improve coordination with parents and the community, develop teacher professionalism and supervise consistently and continuously. (3) The evaluation has been carried out in accordance with the assessment steps. Aspects of strengthening character have been carried out well, i.e religious teachings and beliefs, which emphasizes on respecting diversity, and increasing student learning abilities. It is necessary to improve the aspects of moral values&nbsp; in compliance with social rules. (4) Follow-ups have been carried out based on the evaluation results to take corrective actions for standardisation purpose.</em></p> FX. Susanto, Iim Wasliman, Adjat Sudrajat, Agus Mulyanto Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/690 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 02:15:55 +0000 Management Of The Internal Quality Assurance System (Iqas) In Improving The Quality Of Higher Graduates https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/691 <p><em>This paper aims to describe the other side of the management of the internal quality assurance system (IQAS) in improving the quality of university graduates. Quality improvement management based on university graduates is a new alternative in education management which emphasizes more on independence and creativity. The development of the quality assurance system management is designed to improve the community's ability to manage educational change in relation to the overall objectives, policies, planning strategies, curriculum initiatives that have been determined by the government and education authorities. Therefore, the output of education demands a change in the attitudes and behavior of all components that involve all people, both the community, in viewing, understanding, helping as well as observers who carry out monitoring and evaluation. This study uses a descriptive analysis method approach. A method approach that is used to analyze, describe and summarize various conditions, and situations from various data collected from observations regarding the problem under study during the research. The problem of the low quality of higher education is the reason for the government to provide a policy by presenting an internal quality assurance system (IQAS) in universities. The internal quality assurance system (IQAS) is managed independently by the university concerned. Then in the management of higher education quality is carried out on an ongoing basis. This study aims to analyze the role of the internal quality assurance system (IQAS) in improving the quality of higher education.</em></p> Herni Pujiati, Iim Wasliman, Ade Tutty, M. Andriana Gaffar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/691 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 02:19:34 +0000 Management of National Curriculum Integration and Islamic Boarding Schools to Improve the Quality of Graduates at Islamic Boarding Schools in South Tangerang https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/692 <p><em>This research is motivated by the problem of the low quality of education graduates in Indonesia, not yet optimal in the management of education programs, human resources, finance, institutions, and school accountability, learning in Islamic boarding schools is carried out outside school hours allowing for deepening and improvement. an education system that is not a boarding school, because with this system student learning becomes more focused, qualified and adequate, the supervision of educational staff programs has not been carried out optimally, the application of modern management in boarding schools is not optimal so that it has implications for the quality of graduates. The purpose of this study was to determine the activities carried out in planning, organizing, evaluating, the obstacles encountered and solutions to overcome the obstacles. This study uses a qualitative method based on the results of observations, interviews and documentation. This study uses the main theory, namely the management theory of GR Terry. The results of the study show: 1) In planning the integration of the National curriculum and the Islamic Boarding School curriculum to improve the quality of graduates in Islamic boarding schools. through a series of analysis processes, drafting program plans, socialization, financing, and documentation with a bottom-up-top-down or top-down-bottom-up approach, which implies a change in the management paradigm 2) In the implementation of the integration of the National curriculum and Islamic boarding school curriculum to improve the quality of graduates in Islamic boarding school. through the steps of socializing plans, program plans, technical plans, implementation, monitoring, and supervision with a bottom up - top down approach which has implications for the achievement of educational goals and improving the quality of educational outcomes</em><em>;</em><em> 3) In the evaluation of learning carried out through self-evaluation, quality internal audits education programs, teacher competency evaluations, management review meetings, and external audits of the quality of education programs</em><em>;</em><em> 4) Constraints in the form of differences between the academic year and the budget year, unpreparedness to accept changes in the management paradigm, and lack of knowledge and experience in the management of Islamic Boarding Schools have an impact on the low quality of education and the weak competitiveness of institutions. 5) Solutions, in the form of integrating all school components, compiling all school guidelines, upgrading human resources and all supporting facilities, and building organizational culture and partnerships with implications for the obligation to improve institutional competitiveness, institutional performance, outputs, and outcomes. The conclusion in this study, management of the integration of the National curriculum and Islamic boarding schools to improve the quality of graduates at Islamic boarding schools in South Tangerang City, Banten Province, through the stages of planning, implementation and evaluation is not optimal because there are still weaknesses in management and Human Resources and support from Islamic Boarding Schools.</em></p> Lucia Maduningtias, Ulfiah Ulfiah, Hanafiah Hanafiah, Dety Rostini Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/692 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 02:22:21 +0000 Evaluation Of Medicine Prescription At A Pharmacy In Medan City https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/674 <p><em>Pharmacy is a pharmaceutical service facility carried out by pharmacists by providing services directly and responsibly to patients related to pharmaceutical preparations in order to achieve definite results to improve the quality of life of patients.</em><em> However, currently irrational treatment still often occurs, one of which is with inappropriate prescribing. This will have a negative impact on society. The purpose of this study was to evaluate drug prescribing in one of the pharmacies in the city of Medan.</em> <em>This is a descriptive evaluative research. The data was collected retrospectively and concurrently. Then the raw data was categorized into quantitative data and it was represented in tables to compare the data visually. Meanwhile, qualitative data was collected by observation and interview with the interviewees. </em><em>The results showed that some indicators of prescribing drugs to patients in one of the pharmacies in Medan city still did not meet the standards, namely the average number of drug items per prescription sheet in 2021 was 3.63 and the percentage of prescribing drugs with generic names in 2021 was 80.9</em><em> %. While the prescribing indicators that are in accordance with the standards are the percentage of prescribing antibiotics for 2021 at 6.47%, the percentage of drugs that can be delivered is 90%, and the percentage of drugs that are completely labeled 100%. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that there were still indicators of prescribing drugs carried out in one of the pharmacies in the city of Medan that did not meet the standards. </em></p> Syilvi Rinda Sari, Kiki Rawitri, Sri Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/674 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 16:53:06 +0000