https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/issue/feed International Journal of Science, Technology & Management 2022-04-23T06:13:37+00:00 Arman Harahap armanhrp82@yahoo.co.id Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Science, Technology &amp; Management (IJSTM) e-ISSN: <strong>2722-4015</strong> is an international scholarly refereed research journal which aims to promote the theory and practice of science, technology, innovation, engineering and management.</p> <p>Journal IJSTM published Six times a year in January, March, May, July, September and November</p> <p>A broad outline of the journal's scope includes; peer reviewed original research articles, case and technical reports, reviews and analyzes papers, short communications and notes to the editors, in interdisciplinary information on the practice and status of research in science, technology and Management</p> <p>IJSTM is an international journal providing a platform for research paper publishing. IJSTM publishes research papers in various science, technology and managemen topics.</p> <p>IJSTM is a collaboration between researchers from the entire Globe including the USA, UK, Europe and Indonesia.</p> https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/467 The Effect of Physical Work Environment and Communication on Employee Job Satisfaction in PT. Razza Prima Trafo Medan 2022-04-23T06:13:37+00:00 Fauzi fauzi@fe.uisu.ac.id Aminuddin fauzi@fe.uisu.ac.id <p><em>The subject of this research was </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Transformer Medan</em><em>, because there was a decrease in employees job satisfaction in the company. Employee satisfaction indicate whether or not the employees feel satisfied working in a company. The decline in employee satisfaction was in a decline in physical working environment that is unfavorable to disturb the concentration of employees at work. On the other hand, the poor communication experienced among employees often occured such as miscommunication of information that lead to errors in the execution of tasks. This study to analyze the effect of the physical working environment and communication on employees job satisfaction at </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Transformer Medan</em><em>. The research used a quantitative approach, the type of research was quantitative descriptive, and the nature of the research was explanatory. Data were collected by interviews, questionnaires, and documentation study. Methods of analysis used was linear regression analysis. The populations were 120 employee respondents of </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Trafo Medan</em><em>.</em> <em>Samples were drawn by purposive sampling technique that the samples used were 73 employees and 30 employees were used for the validity test which were carried out at the branch of </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Transformer Medan</em><em>.</em> <em>The results showed that the physical work environment and communication simultaneously or partially had a significant effect on job satisfaction of employees at </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Transformer Medan </em><em>. The results also indicated where the determination coefficient was 29.1%. The study concluded that simultaneously and partially, physical work environment and personal communication have a significant effect on job satisfaction at employees at </em><em>PT. Razza Prima Transformer Medan.</em></p> 2022-03-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/489 Analysis Of The Influence Of Product Quality, Price Perceptions, And Location Strategies And Services On Rantauprapat Clothing 2022-03-27T15:37:08+00:00 Ahmad Padlan Panjaitan ahmadfadlanp.19@gmail.com Elida Florentina Sinaga Simanjorang buelida.dosenku@gmail.com Rizki Syahputra rizki.pecintarasulullah@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of product quality, price perception and location and service strategies on clothing purchasing decisions at Raza Distro Rantauprapat. The population in this study were all consumers of Raza Distro Rantauprapat who had decided to buy clothes at Raza Distro. The sample used in this study was taken as many as 100 respondents using a non-probability sampling technique with an accidental sampling approach. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression analysis. The results of this study using the regression equation formed are Y = 14.054 + 0.105X<sub>1</sub> + 0.419X<sub>2</sub> + 0.308X<sub>3 </sub>+ 0.342X<sub>4</sub>, which means that price perception has the greatest influence compared to three other independent variables such as product quality, location strategy, and service. Overall, the results of this study indicate that the variables of product quality, price perception, location, and service strategies have a positive and significant impact on clothing purchasing decisions at Raza Distro Rantauprapat.</em></p> 2022-03-21T15:54:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/490 The Effect Of Marketing Communications Strategy And Promotion On Customer Loyalty With Customer Satisfaction As A Moderating Variable In Pt. Bank Rakyat Indonesia Tbk Especially In Work Units Kcp Diski Year 2019 2022-03-27T15:37:05+00:00 Dedi Purnomo ariefnugraha30@gmail.com Yusuf Ronny Edward ariefnugraha30@gmail.com Syaifuddin ariefnugraha30@gmail.com Sofiyan ariefnugraha30@gmail.com <p><em>The research was conducted with the aim of knowing the effect of marketing and promotional communication strategies on customer loyalty with customer satisfaction as the moderating variable. The study used primary data sourced from research questionnaires. The population in this study are customers at PT.Bank Rakyat Indonesia.Tbk, especially the KCP Diski work unit, amounting to 14,021 people. Then the sample used in the study was 100 respondents with saturated sampling technique. The data analysis method used Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). The results showed that the Marketing Communication Strategy had a positive and significant effect on Customer Loyalty using BRI bank products. Promotion has a positive and significant impact on customer loyalty using BRI bank products. Customer satisfaction is not able to be a moderating variable of Marketing Communication Strategy on Customer Loyalty using BRI bank products. Customer satisfaction is not able to be a moderating variable of the level of promotion of customer loyalty using BRI bank products. Thus, the customer satisfaction variable cannot be an independent variable or an intervening variable.</em></p> 2022-03-21T15:57:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/484 The Influence of Service Quality and Price on Inpatient Treatment Decisions at Mitra Sejati General Hospital with Consumer Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable 2022-03-27T15:37:02+00:00 Epinaldi Inganta Pratama Ginting galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Galumbang Hutagalung galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Nagian Toni galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Nagian Toni galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id <p><em>The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of Service Quality and Price to Decision Inpatient Treatment in RSU Mitra Sejati with Consumer Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable. The sample in this study as many as 100 Respondents hospitalization. This research using SPSS Version 23. The results showed the Quality of Service has a Positive influence on the Decision of Inpatient Treatment in RSU Mitra Sejati. Price has a positive effect on the Decision of Inpatient Treatment in RSU Mitra Sejati Decision of the Treatment has a positive influence on Consumer Satisfaction in RSU Mitra Sejati. Service quality has a Positive influence on Consumer Satisfaction in RSU Mitra Sejati. Price has a positive influence on Consumer Satisfaction in RSU Mitra Sejati. Service quality has a positive influence on the Decision of the Inpatient Treatment through customer Satisfaction as an intervening variable. Price has a positive influence on the Decision Beorbat Hospitalization through customer Satisfaction as an intervening variable.</em></p> 2022-03-21T16:02:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/483 The Impact of Transformational Leaderhsip on Voice Behavior in Walubi Pematangsiantar 2022-03-27T15:37:12+00:00 Erbin Chandra erbinchandra1991@gmail.com Sisca erbinchandra1991@gmail.com Andy Wijaya erbinchandra1991@gmail.com Lora Ekana Nainggolan erbinchandra1991@gmail.com Onita Sari Sinaga erbinchandra@gmail.com <p><em>Transformational leadership is one type of leadership that is currently being discussed. This type of leadership is considered to be able to encourage voice behavior from members of an organization to produce useful opinions to create change for the better future for the organization.</em> <em>The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of transformational leadership on member voice behavior in Walubi Pematangsiantar.</em> <em>The research population are all members (30 people) of Walubi Pematangsiantar. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis method used in this reasearch is simple regression analysis, correlation analysis, and hypothesis test (t test).</em> <em>The result showed that there was a positive effect between transformational leadership and voice behavior at Walubi at Pematangsiantar City.</em> <em>Hypothesis test result showed that transformational leadership had positive and significant effect to voice behavior. Suggestions for further research to increase the number of samples and organizations, and also increasing research variables so that new inputs that are more useful can be found, especially regarding the latest leadership issues.</em> <em>This study tries to make a Buddhist organization as an organization that is minority in Indonesia, and also not profit-oriented into an object of research that is rarely studied by scholars. The author also uses transformational leadership combined with voice habits as a research variable which is expected to be able to find a new finding that is effective in developing a non-profit organizations.</em></p> 2022-03-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/441 The Effect Of Leverage, Capital Intensity, And Sales Growth On Tax Avoidance With Independent Commissioners As Moderating Variables (Empirical Study On Manufacturing Companies Listed On The Indonesia Stock Exchange In 2017-2020) 2022-03-27T15:50:13+00:00 Firdha Afrianti firhaaaf@gmail.com Lia Uzliawat firhaaaf@gmail.com Ayu Noorida S firhaaaf@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of leverage, capital intensity and sales growth on tax avoidance with independent commissioners as moderating variables. The independent variables in this study are leverage, capital intensity, and sales growth. The dependent variable in this study is tax avoidance. The moderating variable in this study is the independent commissioner. The population in this study are manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the 2017-2020 period. The sampling method used was purposive sampling and 53 companies were selected with a total sample of 212 research data. The analytical technique used is Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) with SPSSv25 software. The results of this study indicate that leverage has a positive effect on tax avoidance, capital intensity has no effect on tax avoidance, sales growth has a positive effect on tax avoidance, the moderating variable of independent commissioners is unable to moderate the effect of leverage, capital intensity and sales growth on tax avoidance.</em></p> 2022-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/475 Assessment Of Investment Strategy With A Utility-Based Approach 2022-03-27T15:36:52+00:00 Ida Nuryana mediaida@asia.ac.id <p><em>The purpose of this study is to analyze the assessment of investment strategies with a utility-based approach. The rise of investment at this time has the aim of increasing welfare in the present and in the future. Investing is expected to have the best investment strategy and be supported by investment knowledge. Investment strategy requires consideration of economic factors, business intuition, experience. Approaching retirement age, investments are made more determined by psychological factors, therefore, it is necessary to manage the financial portfolio of retirement income with the right strategy. How to manage investments in a retirement portfolio. People who have entered retirement age always want to get the maximum utility from the pension money they have earned so far. When money has been invested in certain assets, under which conditions are formed: (1) the safest investment withdrawal rate (2) can be used in the possibility of running out of money which is considered to have failed to plan as the main measure of investment performance in a pension fund portfolio.</em></p> 2022-03-26T15:22:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/491 Factors Influencing Academic Dishonesty Among Sriwijaya State Polytechnic Students 2022-03-27T15:36:22+00:00 Irma Salamah irma.salamah@yahoo.com <p>Academic dishonesty persists among students. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of information technology and academic integrity on student academic dishonesty. The subjects of this study were Sriwijaya State Polytechnic students. This study collects data through a questionnaire survey. The sample size was 104 people. Convenience sampling was used as a sampling technique. SPSS 22 is used to analyze the data. According to the study's findings, the use of information technology and academic integrity both affect academic dishonesty in some way. Academic dishonesty is influenced by 71.5 percent of the variables of information technology use and academic integrity, while 28.5 percent is influenced by other factors not examined in this study.</p> 2022-03-26T15:33:49+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/493 The Effect Of Price, Promotion Social Media And Product QualityOn Income Business Of Screen Printing 289 Farhan Design 2022-03-27T15:36:19+00:00 Irsyad Farhan Hanif irsyadfarhanhanif122@gmail.com Yuniman Zebua oinitehezeb@gmail.com Pitriyani Pitriyani pitriy187@gmail.com <p><em>289 Farhan Design's screen printing business which is currently developing is aware of the importance of strategy in winning market competition. This study aims to determine the effect of price, promotion through social media and product quality on screen printing business income 289 farhan designs. The sample in this study were 66 customers who used 289 Farhan Design's screen printing business services using a total sampling technique. The variables used in this study consisted of Price (X1), Social Media Promotion (X2), Product Quality (X3) as the independent variable and Income (Y) as the dependent variable. The data analysis technique in this study used the multiple linear regression method. The results of this study indicate that price, social media promotion and product quality have a positive and significant effect on the revenue of the 289 farhan design screen printing business, while the price has a positive but not significant effect on the screen printing business income of 289 farhan design.</em></p> 2022-03-26T15:38:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/478 The Influence of Work Engagement on Employee Performance at PT. Telkom Indonesia Tbk., Witel Malang Through Organizational Citizenship Behavior as a Mediation Variable 2022-03-27T15:36:16+00:00 Lintang Kamulyanisa Hadi rifki.hanif@asia.ac.id Rifki Hanif rifki.hanif@asia.ac.id <p><em>Companies engaged in the service sector are strongly influenced by employee performance. The company will always try to develop employee performance so that company goals can be achieved. Getting employees who have high performance for the company is not an easy thing because it takes several factors that need to be contributed by employees to the company, including work engagement and organizational citizenship behavior. This study uses a quantitative research approach with analysis. The type of research used is explanatory research with survey methods. Data obtained through participant observation, interviews, and filling out questionnaires to a sample of 40 employees of PT. Telkom Indonesia Tbk., Witel Malang using a saturated sample from the customer care department. The instrument which consists of 18 statement items uses a Likert scale and five alternative answers. With the results of data analysis, it can be seen that work engagement affects employee performance through organizational citizenship behavior. While the work engagement variable does not directly affect employee performance</em></p> 2022-03-26T15:54:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/492 The Influence Of Motivation, Competence And Training On The Performance Of Employees At Pt Penascop Maritime Of Indonesia In East Waringin City Regency 2022-03-27T15:36:14+00:00 M. Thamrin Noor thamrinnoorspt@gmail.com <p><em>The title of this research is the Influence of Motivation and Competence of Training on Employee Performance at PT. Penascop Maritime of Indonesia in East Kotawaringin Regency. This research using the Slovin Formula with the techniques Probability Sampling; Simple Random Sampling with a population of 90 people and a sample of 73 people. And the data in the test by using descriptive analysis, multiple linear regression analysis, correlation coefficient analysis, and the analysis of the coefficient of determination. The results of t-test for the variable of Motivation (X1) that tcount&gt;ttable (2,866 &gt; 1,99495) and the level of sig of 0.006 &lt; 0.05, the Variable Competence (X2) with the value of tcount&lt;ttable (0,498 &lt; 1,99495) with the level of sig 0,498 &gt; 0.05 and Variable Training (X3) with a value of tcount&lt;ttable (0,228 &lt; 1,99495) with the level of sig 0,228 &gt; 0,05 Based on test-f ( simultaneous ) shows that the influence together of all the independent Variables of motivation (X1), competence (X2) and training (X3) to the variable depanden the employee's performance (Y) showed significant results. It is shown from the Value of fcount&gt;ftable (63,841 &gt; 3,13) with a significant level of 0,000 &lt; 0,05. The results of the analysis of the correlation coefficient ®of 0,857 means the relationship between the variables of motivation, competence and training on employee performance or R-Square (R2) with a magnitude of R Square 0,735 or of 73.5% means that the variables of motivation, competence and training affect the performance of employees of 73.5%. While the rest of 26.5% for the variable employee performance is influenced by other variables such as leadership style, work load and so forth. Based on the test results of the multiple linear regression equation was obtained: Y = 2,135 + 0,280 (X1) + 0,173 (X2) + 0,416 (X3), meaning that the score / constant value (ɑ) shows if there is no increase in the variables of motivation, competence and training, the value of the performance of the employees is $ 2,135 and any addition of a score/the value of the variable motivation give rise equal to 0.280 on the performance of employees with terms X2 fixed, as well as any addition of a score/the value of the variable competence to give rise to the same by 0,173 on the performance of employees with terms of X1 fixed, and if any addition of a score/the value of variable training gives the same increase of 0,416 on the performance of employees with terms X3 fixed.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:02:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/487 Management Of Improving Reproductive Healthy Lifestyle In Students' Environment Subang District Junior High School 2022-03-27T15:36:11+00:00 Marliana Rahma marliana.rahma@yahoo.com Achmad Sanusi marliana.rahma@yahoo.com Fahruroji marliana.rahma@yahoo.com Nandang Koswara marliana.rahma@yahoo.com <p><em>The Maternal Mortality Rate in Indonesia is still high, the number of cases of maternal mortality in Subang Regency is also still far from the achievement target. One of the causes of maternal death in Subang Regency is in the adolescent phase. Lack of knowledge of adolescents about reproductive health becomes an important point and has a widespread impact on women's health conditions in the future. This study aims to determine and analyze how the management of improving reproductive healthy lifestyles at SMPN 1 Subang, SMPN 2 Subang and SMPN 4 Subang. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method, the sample is determined purposively with key informants the principal, vice principal of curriculum, science subject teachers, PMR coaches and students. The research location is at SMPN 1 Subang, SMPN 2 Subang and SMPN 4 Subang. Data were obtained from in-depth interviews, document materials, and participant observation. The findings of this study are: 1) Goals and Programs for Improving Reproductive Healthy Lifestyles among students in 3 locations of SMP Negeri Subang, starting with the science education curriculum for grade IX students; 2) Implementation of the Reproductive Healthy Lifestyle Improvement Program in 3 SMP N Subang in the form of implementing learning activities in science subjects. In its implementation, the program to improve reproductive health is carried out through science learning, in collaboration with local health centers for the program of giving blood-added tablets, in collaboration with the health office in providing reproductive health counseling; 3) Problems in implementing the program to improve reproductive healthy lifestyles are teaching materials that are less relevant to the goal of reducing maternal mortality, consumption of blood-added tablets is not monitored properly, health education is not routinely given. 4) Solutions to problems in implementing programs to improve reproductive healthy lifestyles: adding teaching materials, monitoring and evaluating adherence to consuming blood-added tablets, and increasing reproductive health counseling activities. The product of this research is the adolescent reproductive health module for junior high school students.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:03:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/466 Application Of The Balanced Scorecard As A Measurement Model Of The Balance Of Stakeholder Value Proposition 2022-03-27T15:36:08+00:00 Megawaty aminhamdat@gmail.com Aminuddin Hamdat aminhamdat@gmail.com Andi Makkulawu Panyiwi Kessi aminhamdat@gmail.com Panus aminhamdat@gmail.com <p><em>The balanced scorecard (BSC) is one of the concepts of a managerial performance measurement system that has a function and significance for companies carrying out strategic management by using four measurement perspectives in a systematic and integrated manner. This study uses the balanced scorecard, and management can identify, formulate, and create a value proposition that is balanced and proportionate among its stakeholders (stakeholders). This study aims to determine how the company's performance benchmarks and stakeholder value propositions use the balanced scorecard approach.</em> <em>The type and approach of this research are descriptive qualitative. The data analysis model is carried out in two ways: First, qualitatively, namely by describing according to language, sentences and perspectives to get a logical understanding and relevant to the research objectives. Second, using the balanced scorecard approach, namely data analysis made in numbers based on the balanced scorecard approach. This study explains how the general concept of the balanced scorecard, the four perspectives of measuring the balanced scorecard, the implementation of the balanced scorecard, and the balance of stakeholder value propositions.</em> <em>The results showed the measurement of the balanced scorecard at PT. "X" indicates that the company has a good set of benchmarks in implementing the balanced scorecard. The results also show that several balanced scorecard perspectives are proven to positively impact company performance in all views, including financial perspective, customer perspective, internal business process perspective, and learning and growth perspective. This study is due to the company's ability to correctly identify, formulate and determine stakeholder value propositions through a balanced scorecard approach.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:05:37+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/485 The Effect Of Organizational Culture,Motivation, And Communication On Employee Job Satisfaction With Organizational Commitment As A Moderating Variable At Pt Fan Solusindo Bersama 2022-03-27T15:36:05+00:00 Muhammad Asyari Syahab galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Yusuf Ronny Edward galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Salman Faris galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id Alex Tribuana Sutanto galumbanghutagalung@unprimdn.ac.id <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of organizational culture, motivation, communication and level of knowledge on employee job satisfaction with organizational commitment as a moderating variable. Case study at PT. Fan Solusindo Bersama. Methods of data collection is done through a questionnaire distributed to employees of PT. Fan Solusindo Bersama. This type of research is quantitative research. The object of research used is all employees of PT. Fan Solusindo Bersama. The population in this study were employees of PT. Fan Solusindo Bersama, with a sample of 100 respondents. By using accidental sampling method. The data obtained were then processed with SPSS version 16 and data analysis techniques using validity tests, reliability tests, statistical tests, classical assumption tests and MRA (Moderated Analysis Regression) tests. Based on the Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) test, it shows that organizational culture, motivation, communication and level of knowledge on employee job satisfaction have a positive and significant effect. Organizational commitment can be a moderating variable of organizational culture, motivation, communication on job satisfaction of employees at PT. Fan Solutions Bersama.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:10:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/457 Mind Covid, Remember Mask" To Reduce Corona Spreading (A Case Study In The Johan Pahlawan Sub-District, Meulaboh City, West Aceh) 2022-03-27T15:36:02+00:00 Musliyadi musliyadi@serambimekkah.ac.id Irmayanti musliyadi@serambimekkah.ac.id <p><em>The coronavirus spread has been the main issue among Acehnese people since it occurred.&nbsp; Every day, people get infected; some people also are starting to recover from the coronavirus. The governments have been working to reduce the risked people and infected victims by providing various personal protective equipment and educating the public about the virus and its threats. Those all require society to obey them, such as wearing masks to avoid being infected or transmit to other people. Until now, the spread of the coronavirus is also very high trending. The Covid-19 task force in Jakarta on February 16th, 2021&nbsp; recorded that the ratio of coronavirus cases has reached 38.34 percent. This figure shows the highest daily record since the pandemic took place. This study used a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. Data collection was performed by interviewing several communities in the Johan Pahlawan sub-district, monitoring and observing in the field, and reading relevant sources. The study found a low level of community compliance with health protocols. The use of masks is still very lacking; people only wear masks when raids are carried out on the streets by joint government officials.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:12:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/471 Modeling And Simulation Of Plastic Wastes Generation For Operational Planning And Management In The Bonaberi Industrial Region, Cameroon 2022-03-27T15:36:00+00:00 Innocent Ndoh Mbue dndoh2009@gmail.com Bitondo Dieudonne dndoh2009@gmail.com <p><em>A review of waste management literature in use today shows that new techniques are needed in the process of planning strategic goals and objectives to technical goals and objectives. One of these techniques is the method which involves the modeling and simulation of wastes generated in our communities. This study uses the ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average), model to model and simulates plastic wastes generated in the Bonaberi industrial zone, of Cameroon for operational planning and management.&nbsp; Attention was also paid to their composition and uses as important resources for recycling industries. The monthly municipal plastic waste data from 2014 to 2020 was used to create a parsimonious ARIMA model. Different performance measures such as mean absolute deviation (MAD), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R-squared) were used to evaluate the performance of these models. Following this, ARIMA (1, 1, 1) model showed a superior prediction performance. According to this model, if current production and waste management trends continue, approximately 5468 Kg/month, 95% CI (2843, 9581) could be attained by December 2021.The results contribute to the process of planning strategic goals and objectives to technical goals and objectives in the region. The model developed can help decision-makers to take better measures and develop policies regarding waste management practices in the future. However, technical, environmental, and socio-economic feasibility studies to explore the technical options available, and to determine the factors that are considered important for the economic success of the project, and causing significant environmental problems resulting from improper disposal, namely burning or dumping, could also direct future investors in the region.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:14:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/464 The Influence Of Experiential Marketing (Sense Marketing, Feel Marketing, Think Marketing, Act Marketing) Against The Quality Of The College Of Religious Islam Negeri (PTKIN) In East Java Indonesia 2022-03-27T15:35:57+00:00 Nik Haryanti nikharyanti1983@gmail.com Prim Masrokan Mutohar nikharyanti1983@gmail.com Mujamil Qomar nikharyanti1983@gmail.com Asrop Syafi’i nikharyanti1983@gmail.com <p><em>The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of the sense of marketing, feel marketing, think marketing, act arketing and relate marketing to High quality Religious Islam Negeri (PTKIN). This type of Research using mixed methods (mixed method). The population in this study is 1.304 personnel. Sample research are 200 staffs. data collection techniques are questionnaires, interviews, observation and documentation. The data analysis technique used is quantitative analysis by using SEM AMOS. The results of the research indicate that there is influence of sense marketing, feel marketing, think marketing is the act of marketing and relate marketing to High quality Religious Islam Negeri (PTKIN) in IAIN Tulungagung and UIN Malang.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:19:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/488 The Effect Of Situational Leadership Style, Work Discipline And Work Motivation On Employee Performance At Rantauprapat Syariah Bank Indonesia 2022-03-27T15:35:54+00:00 Nurdalina Siregar rezaamaulana185@gmail.com Yuniman Zebua oinitehezeb@gmail.com Siti Lam'ah Nasution sitinasution81@gmail.com <p>In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, Bank Syariah Indonesia Rantauprapat took a number of steps to keep the Bank's business growth healthy. midst of <em>for social distancing</em> due to the Covid-19 pandemic which has been implemented since mid-March 2019, Islamic Banks recorded an increase in the number of transactions through e-channels. This study uses a quantitative approach to determine the effect of situational leadership style, work discipline, and work motivation on employee performance at Bank Syariah Indonesia Rantau Prapat. The results showed that the variables of leadership style, work discipline, and work motivation had a positive and significant effect. This can be seen from the t-value of each independent variable of 4.530, situational leadership style of 4.131, work discipline of 4.131 and work motivation of 3.781, which is greater than the t-table value of 1.696. Then simultaneously also obtained the results of F arithmetic = 6.116 which is greater than the value of F table = 2.68 so that it can be concluded that the independent variable has a positive and significant effect on employee performance.</p> 2022-03-26T16:24:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/479 Capital Expenditure Allocation Analysis Of Local Governments 2022-03-27T15:35:51+00:00 Purwanto pur.wanto@lecture.unjani.ac.id Rizki Indrawan pur.wanto@lecture.unjani.ac.id Ajeng Nuraeni Heryanti pur.wanto@lecture.unjani.ac.id <p><em>Because of the resources limitation so resource allocation is a fundamental issue for public sector budgeting especially revenue and expenditure calculation. Regional budget distribution shows local government policies on development funding whereas capital expenditure is concerned with a component of direct expenditure of government budgets that deliver output in the form of fixed asset. This study purposes to determine factors that impress capital expenditure allocation of local governments, are Economic Growth and Regional Revenue (PAD). The population of this study is 35 local governments in the Province of Central Java, Indonesia. By employing multiple regression analysis, t&nbsp; and F test on secondary data from the 2015-2020 Budget Realization Reports of local governments in the Central Java Province, the result shows that economic growth and regional income partially and simultaneously have a positive effect on capital expenditure. These findings imply that local governments should look more carefully at managing their finances, have a strong desire, and provide capital for capital expenditures that have implications for the long-term welfare of local communities. The limitation of this research is that this research is carried out with a quantitative approach and to find out the real conditions in decision making on local government budgeting, it is recommended for further research to use a mixed quantitative and qualitative method.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:26:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/463 Influence Of Internal Control System Weaknesses And Audit Quality On The Quality Of Local Government Financial Reports In Indonesia With Good Government Governance As Moderating 2022-03-31T02:14:09+00:00 Ramses Pakpahan abram.pakpahan1@gmail.com Etty Murwaningsari etty_nasser@yahoo.com Sekar Mayangsari sekar_mayangsari@trisaksti.ac.id <p><em>The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of internal control system weaknesses and audit quality on the quality of financial reports in district and city governments in Indonesia, using Good Government Governance as a moderating variable. The Partial Least Squares-SmartPLS analytic approach is used in this study, which includes data from 2,155 observations from 508 district and municipal administrations in Indonesia since the implementation of the accrual-based accounting system from 2015 to 2019. The findings of this study show that (1) internal control system weaknesses have a positive and significant effect on the quality of local government financial reports; (2) audit quality has a positive and significant effect on the quality of local government financial reports; (3) good government governance can weaken the relationship between internal control system weaknesses and the quality of local government financial reports; and (4) good government governance can weaken the relationship between internal control system weaknesses and the quality of local government financial reports. This study sheds new light on the relationship between internal control system weaknesses and the quality of public sector audits since the adoption of the accrual-based accounting system, as well as the quality of local government financial reports, with Good Government Governance acting as a moderator.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:28:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/470 Analysis of Factors Affecting Financial Performance in Foods and Beverage Companies Listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange 2018-2020 Period 2022-03-27T15:35:44+00:00 Ricky Rafii Ritonga ricky.ritonga@gmail.com Nadia Gloria Bangun ricky.ritonga@gmail.com Chavia Zagita ricky.ritonga@gmail.com Yenny ricky.ritonga@gmail.com <p><em>His study has a goal, namely to examine the effect of the Current Ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio, Net Profit Margin, and Return On Equity on the Financial Performance of a manufacturing company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. This study was carried out using a Quantitative Research approach. The research category is Descriptive Research. The population of this research is 75 Manufacturing Companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange 2018-2020. The sampling technique used was the purposive sampling technique and 45 sample companies were obtained within 3 years. Related variables in this study are Liquidity (Current Ratio), Solvency (Debt to Equity Ratio), Profitability (Net Profit Margin), Profitability (Return On Equity), and Financial Performance (Return On Assets). The results of this study prove that the partial (t-test): CR, DER, NPM, and ROE have no significant effect on financial performance (ROA). Simultaneously (f test), the probability scale (Sig.) is 0.000 &lt; 0.05, and the results from Fount 401.450 &gt; 2.60 are Ftable results. Then the result of the calculation is 2.60. And the results of statistical testing can be concluded that the Independent Variables: Current Ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio, Net Profit Margin, and Return On Equity have a significant influence on financial performance (Return On Assets).</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:30:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/472 Formulation And Evaluation Of Hand Sanitizer Gel From Clove Flower Extract (Eugenia aromatica L.) 2022-03-27T15:35:40+00:00 Robiatun Rambe Robiatun robiatunrambe1990@gmail.com Aswan Pangondian robiatunrambe1990@gmail.com Ratih Paramitha robiatunrambe1990@gmail.com Zulmai Rani robiatunrambe1990@gmail.com Evi Depiana Gultom robiatunrambe1990@gmail.com <p><em>Clove flower (Eugenia aromatica L.) is a plant from the Myrtaceae family, the compounds contained in clove flowers are flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, and saponins that can function as antibacterial. In addition, clove flowers also function as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiemetic, stimulant, and local anesthetic. The purpose of this study was to determine does clove flower extract (Eugenia aromatica L.) could be used as a hand sanitizer gel preparation. Clove flower simplicia powder was extracted with ethanol 96% by maceration. The extract obtained was then screened for phytochemicals, then formulated in the form of a hand sanitizer gel, by adding clove flower extract to each formula with different concentrations. The clove flower extract concentrations used were 5%, 10%, and 15%. After the hand sanitizer gel preparation was formed, the clove flower extract was then tested for the stability of the gel preparation. The clove flower extract obtained was 116.4 grams of thick extract. The results of phytochemical screening of clove flower extract showed the presence of secondary metabolites, namely flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins and tannins. Based on the evaluation of the hand sanitizer gel preparation, clove extract showed that it was physically stable during storage. Based on the acceptability or liking test conducted on 20 respondents using a questionnaire sheet, the results showed that the respondents really liked the aroma of </em><em>formula</em><em> F3.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:33:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/465 Analysis Of Bank Performance Before And After Covid 19 In Banking Companies Listed On Idx 2022-03-27T15:35:38+00:00 Romli romli.ak@lecture.unjani.ac.id Ali Rahman Reza Zaputra romli.ak@lecture.unjani.ac.id <p><em>This study aims to analyze the banking performance before and after covid 19 in banking companies listed on the IDX.&nbsp;In this study, the banking performance indicators analyzed are the CAR (Capital Adequacy Ratio), BOPO (Operating Expenses to Operating Income), NIM (Net Interest Margin), LDR (Loan to Deposit Ratio), and ROA (Return On Assets).&nbsp;The sample used is&nbsp;banking companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2019 and 2020 with the total of 43 banks.&nbsp;This study an event to examine the differences or changes in banking financial performance, before covid 19 and after covid 19. The data analysis technique used is the average difference test using SPSS program.&nbsp;Based on the test results, it was found that the COVID-19 pandemic caused the BOPO, NIM, LDR and ROA&nbsp;ratios&nbsp;to decrease or worsen, while&nbsp;the CAR ratio increased.&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:35:51+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/494 Influence Of Brand Communication, Brand Image And Brand Trust Through Online Media On Brand Loyalty In E-Commerce 2022-03-27T15:35:34+00:00 Seanewati Oetama Seanewati_oetama@yahoo.co.id <p><em>This study is the influence of brand communication, brand image and brand trust through online media on brand loyalty in e-commerce. With sampling techniques using accidental sampling techniques where sampling by way of taking by chance, by taking cases or respondents who happen to exist or are available in a place with the context of the study. The population in this study were respondents from Sampit community who use e-commerce and 140 people were taken as a sample and tested with validity test, reliability test, mediation test, hypothesis test and goodness of fit test with the help of warppls program Version 3.0.Based on the test results of the structural equation of brand communication significantly affect the online media. With the part coefficient value of 0.087 and p-value of 0.01 &lt; 0.05 so that the hypothesis is accepted. On the test equation structural image of the brand significantly affect the online media. With the value of the part coefficientsebesar 0,606 and p-value 0,01&lt; 0,05 so that the hypothesis is accepted. On the test equation structural brand trust significantly affect the online media. With the value of the part coefficientsebesar to 0.573 and p-value 0,01 &lt; 0,05 so that the hypothesis is accepted. On the test equation structural brand communication significantly influence brand loyalty. With a part coefficient value of 0.100 and p-value of 0.01 &lt; 0.05 so that the hypothesis is accepted. In the structural equation test, brand image significantly affects brand loyalty. With a part coefficient value of 0.100 and p-value of 0.01 &gt; 0.05 so that the hypothesis is accepted. In the structural equation test, Brand Trust significantly affects brand loyalty. With a part coefficient value of 0.085 and p-value of 0.01 &gt; 0.05 so that the hypothesis is accepted.Based on the structural equation test, brand communication significantly affects brand loyalty through online media. Because the direct influence of the coefficient value decreased from 0.57 to 0.19, this shows that the mediating variable is able to absorb the direct influence of the model without mediating, so the hypothesis is accepted.Based on the structural equation test of brand image significantly affect brand loyalty through online media. Because of the direct influence of the value of the coefficient smaller than 0,61 be 0,32, this shows that the variable pemediasi able to absorb the direct influence of the model without pemediasi, so the hypothesis is accepted.Based on the test equation structural brand trust significantly influence brand loyalty through online media. Because of the direct influence of the value of the coefficient tapers from 0.57 to 0,41, this shows that the variable pemediasi able to absorb the direct influence of the model without pemediasi, so the hypothesis is accepted. The r number of brand communication, brand image and brand confidence in online media is 0.518 or 51.8%. The remaining 48.2%. Brand communication, brand image and brand trust to brand loyalty amounted to 0.528 or 52.8%. The remaining 47.2%.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:37:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/468 Employee Engagement Affected By Transformational Leadership And Intrinsic Motivation : Case Study Pt. Telkomsel Branch Medan Area 2022-03-27T15:35:31+00:00 Suhartini Suhartini@unpas.ac.id <p><em>The purpose of this study was </em><em>to determine the effect of transformational leadership on employee engagement, to determine the effect of intrinsic motivation on employee engagement, to determine the effect of transformational leadership and intrinsic motivation on employee engagement. </em><em>This research uses a quantitative approach. As for the population in this study are employees of PT. Telkomsel Medan Area Branch totals 65 people. Saturated sampling technique is a sampling technique when all members of the population are used as samples so that the sample used in this study is 65 people. The results of this study on hypothesis 1 obtained the results of t<sub>count </sub>&gt; t<sub>table </sub>(2.534 &gt; 1.998) with a significance level of 0.01 (0.01 &lt; 0.05), it can be concluded that there is a significant effect of Transformational Leadership on employee engagement. Hypothesis 2 obtained the results of t<sub>count </sub>&gt; t<sub>table </sub>(3.337 &gt; 1.998) with a significance level of 0.00 (0.00 &lt; 0.05), it can be concluded that there is a significant effect of intrinsic motivation on employee engagement. Hypothesis 3 there is an influence between Transformational Leadership and intrinsic motivation on employee engagement at PT. Telkomsel Medan Area Branch obtained F<sub>count </sub>&gt; F<sub>table </sub>(10.120 &gt; 3.145) with a significance level of 0.00 (0.00 &lt; 0.05) thus H<sub>0 </sub>is rejected and H<sub>1 </sub>is accepted which means there is a significant influence between Transformational Leadership and intrinsic motivation to employee engagement. The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant influence between Transformational Leadership on employee engagement at PT. Telkomsel Medan Area Branch, there is a significant influence between intrinsic motivation on employee engagement at PT. Telkomsel Medan Area Branch and there is an influence between Transformational Leadership and intrinsic motivation on employee engagement at PT. Telkomsel Medan Area Branch</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:39:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/476 Testing Of The Cream Formula Turmina Right Extract Against The Inhibition Of The Development Of Melanoma Cells 2022-03-27T15:35:29+00:00 Vera Estefania Kaban Vera kveraestefania@gmail.com Jansen Silalahi kveraestefania@gmail.com Sumaiyah kveraestefania@gmail.com <p><em>Cancer is one of the biggest causes of death in the world and is still a health problem that still cannot be found the right treatment to overcome it. One of the cancers that cannot be ruled out is skin cancer, which occurs as a result of being exposed to direct sunlight for a long time and often without using skin protection or sunscreen. Cancer treatment that is currently being carried out is surgical therapy, chemotherapy which has adverse side effects for patients such as therapy that not only kills cancer cells but also healthy cells. The current therapy needed is the formulation of topical preparations that can be used to inhibit the growth of cancer cells. This study aims to make a cream preparation from turmeric extract to inhibit the growth of melanoma cells. This research was made experimentally by formulating turmeric rhizome extract into cream preparations at a concentration of 0.5%; 2.5% ; 5% ; 10% and 20% were tested against melanoma cell inhibition in vitro. Melanoma cell inhibition testing was carried out using the MTT Assay method by looking at the IC50 value of turmeric extract cream in inhibiting the growth of melanoma cells. The results showed that 20% turmeric rhizome extract cream was the formulation that gave the best IC50 value of 524.42 ± 5.2 g/mL.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:42:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/481 The Effect Of Motivation, Communication And Job Satisfaction On Employee Performance 2022-03-27T15:35:26+00:00 Yunita Wahyu Lestari yunitawalstar02@gmail.com Bayu Eko Broto mail.to.bayueb@gmail.com Yudi Prayoga prayogayudi03@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to explain whether the variables of motivation, communication and job satisfaction on the performance of the Rantau Prapat stone glass employees. This research data obtained through questionnaires and interviews. The analysis used is descriptive quantitative, multiple linear regression analysis, validity and reliability testing and hypothesis testing. The results show that motivation, communication, and job satisfaction have a positive and significant influence on employee performance.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:43:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/474 Community Compliance In Compliance With Post-Vaccination Health Protocol In West Nusa Tenggara Province 2022-03-27T15:35:23+00:00 Zulkieflimansyah zulkieflimansyah@uts.ac.id Muhammad Nurjihadi m.nurjihadi@uts.ac.id Agus Wahyudi agus.wahyudi@uts.ac.id Reza Muhammad Rizqi reza.muhammad.rizqi@uts.ac.id Muhammad Nur Fietroh m.nurfietroh@uts.ac.id <p>This study aims to assess the extent to which the people of West Nusa Tenggara adhere to the health protocol after the first and second doses of vaccination. This research is quantitative descriptive. The collection technique used a questionnaire. For data analysis using the three box method. The results showed that the obedience index of the people of West Nusa Tenggara in complying with health protocols during the post-vaccination Covid-19 pandemic was in the high category.</p> 2022-03-26T16:49:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/480 Effect Of Employee's Motivation And Performance With Job Satisfaction As A Mediation Variable On Cooperative Units Village, Kampung Rakyat District 2022-03-27T15:35:21+00:00 Shella Agustin shellaagustinn00@gmail.com Pitriyani Pitriyani prayogayudi03@gmail.com Yudi Prayoga prayogayudi03@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to answer the influence of employee motivation and performance with job satisfaction as a mediating variable in the village unit cooperative, Kampung Rakyat sub-district. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires to 35 members of the Kampung Rakyat cooperative. This study uses quantitative methods and performs data processing with the tools of &nbsp;IBM SPSS Statistic 22. This analysis includes reliability tests, validity tests, classical assumption tests, statistical tests, multiple linear regression tests and moderation tests using Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA).</em> <em>The results of the tests conducted in this study indicate that job satisfaction (M) can moderate the effect of motivation (X<sub>1</sub>) on employee performance (Y). These results are shown through the regression equation with the interaction test or often referred to as Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) which shows the results that job satisfaction (M) influences or moderates the effect of motivational variables (X<sub>1</sub>) on employee performance (Y). The results of the t test show that the motivation variable (X<sub>1</sub>) provides a parameter coefficient value (β) of 0.012 with a significant level of 0.027 (significant), the job satisfaction variable (M) provides a parameter coefficient value (β) of 0.023 and a significant value of 0.000 (significant). ). Or in other words job satisfaction strengthens the influence of motivation on employee performance. Thus, the results of this study can prove hypothesis 2 that job satisfaction moderates the effect of motivation on employee performance.</em></p> 2022-03-26T16:53:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/498 The Classification of Phishing Websites using Naive Bayes Classifier Algorithm 2022-03-27T15:35:17+00:00 Roni Anagora Roni Anagora roni.anagora@almuslim.ac.id Rudini Rudini aspurani@gmail.com Rohmat Taufiq Rohmat Taufiq rohmat.taufiq@umt.ac.id Ahmad Dedi Jubaedi Ahmad Dedi Jubaedi dedi@unsera.ac.id Rio Wirawan Rio Wirawan rio.wirawan@upnvj.ac.id Arman Syah Putra armansp892@gmail.com <p><em>The background of this research is how to find out the selected websites which are classified through the naive Bayes classifier algorithm. With this algorithm, it can be seen how far the classification of Phishing is. The method used in this study is to use experimental methods or research on the data obtained, these tests will include new data that can be accounted for and can determine whether the data is suitable for use. The problem raised in this study is how to find out which principles have been clarified with the dizziness method using the naive Bayes classifier algorithm, with the algorithm, which websites can be classified properly.&nbsp; The purpose of this study is how to find out the data tested through training data will produce new data, especially well for items and produce from values Naive Bayes algorithm obtained an average accuracy value of 92.98% with a TP Rate of 0.930%, FP Rate of 0.076%, Precision of 0.930%, Recall of 0.930% and Fmeasure of 0.930%.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/495 The Effect Of Motivation And Reward System On Employee Performance With Commitment As A Mediation Variable 2022-03-27T15:35:14+00:00 Muhammad Aru Setiawan muhammad.arusetiawan1012@gmail.com Ribhan muhammad.arusetiawan1012@gmail.com Nova Mardiana muhammad.arusetiawan1012@gmail.com <p><em>Employee performance is inseparable from efficiency and effectiveness. Efficiency emphasizes work results, while effectiveness relates to the process of achieving goals related to human work or increasing human labor, life and cultural renewal, mental attitude of glorifying work and expanding efforts to improve the quality of people's lives. In other words, the process of increasing work productivity can be done through motivation, education, work discipline, skills, technology, work ethic attitudes, income levels, work environment and climate, management, achievement opportunities and production facilities as well as social security, work ethic, work loyalty. , job satisfaction, leadership, organizational structure and supervision.</em></p> <p><em>The research design is generally divided into 3 (three) forms, namely explorative research, descriptive research and explanatory research. Explorative research is a type of research that seeks to find new ideas or relationships. While descriptive research is research that aims to describe the properties or characteristics of a particular phenomenon. Finally, explanatory research is research that aims to analyze the relationships between one variable and another or how one variable affects other variables.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the discussion that has been carried out, the results of this study are as follows: 1) Motivation (X1) has a positive and significant effect on performance (Y) and the hypothesis is accepted. 2) Reward (X2) has a positive and significant effect on performance (Y) and the hypothesis is accepted. 3) Reward moderated by the commitment variable (X2X3) has a positive and significant effect on performance (Y) and the hypothesis is accepted</em><em>.</em></p> 2022-03-27T09:11:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management https://ijstm.inarah.co.id/index.php/ijstm/article/view/469 Effects Of Business Upgrading Programs On Their Competitiveness: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis 2022-03-27T15:35:11+00:00 Yana Theodory theodoryyana@yahoo.fr Ndoh Mbue Innocent dndoh2009@gmail.com <p><em>The advent of free trade subjects' businesses in underdeveloped countries and economies in transition to the challenges of competitiveness and competition. To overcome these constraints, upgrading programs have been adopted as public policy. This review aims to identify the impacts of programs on their competitiveness and analyze the relationship between the variables of said programs and their effects. Sixty-three studies (63) are identified from online databases with arithmetic means as follows: Hindawi, n = 36, 0.22%; Google Scholar, n=33, 0.20%; Scorpus, n=33, 0.20%; and Google search, n = 31, 0.19% with specific Search terms such as "upgrade program + business + impact." Articles were selected using inclusion / exclusion criteria applied first at the title and abstract level, then at the full article level Data extraction for this review was safely done in Microsoft Excel, in order to identify the action variables of said programs and the effects. Through the analysis of the dimensions that determine the structural competitiveness index (ICS) of the countries, was carried out to explain the contribution of the variables of the contextual environment, to the variables of the upgrading program and the effect of impact in terms of intensity on the observed effects. The effects identified relate to to the variables of the upgrading program and the effect of impact in terms of intensity on the observed effects. The effects identified relate to to the variables of the upgrading program and the effect of impact in terms of intensity on the observed effects. The effects identified relate to 8 indicators of positive effects grouped into: financial performance, economic performance, organizational performance, social and societal performance, with nuances on the macroeconomic impact due to the differences in the context of each country. Intensity of these effects does not translate in the same way, certainly because of the initial conditions for starting upgrading in each country, which takes into account the level of development, resource capital mobilized both human and financial and the level of importance of reforms, both structural and infrastructural carried out. The review highlights the merits of this public policy as a bulwark for companies in developing countries and economies in transition in a context of liberalization, faced with competition and competitiveness. It is pointed out that the success of this policy depends in particular on the capacity of the public authorities to implement a sound macroeconomic policy.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> 2022-03-27T09:13:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management