IoT-Based Personal Protective Equipment Monitoring System to Prevent the Risk of Dehydration in Health Workers for COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Rafa Fadilla Mrs
Keywords: Internet of Things, Monitoring, Personal Protective Equipment, Dehydration, Covid-19.


The extraordinary case of Covid-19 has made health workers the front line in handling it. To prevent the risk of contracting, health workers must use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as protection. PPE that must be worn for at least 5 hours a day and is waterproof makes users experience much sweating. If not prevented, health workers can be exposed to dehydration and even death. Based on the explanation above, PPE has been designed that can cool IoT-based health workers. Also, all activities can be monitored remotely via the WEB, accessible via a smartphone or computer. In addition to WEB, data can be displayed via the LCD. The DHT22 sensor and the airflow sensor will detect the hazmat's temperature, humidity, and airflow. Furthermore, the tool is also equipped with UVC rays that can clean the air from microorganisms. Activity data will be stored in cloud storage, which is helpful as an evaluation material and reference for health workers' health progress. From the tests' results, the tool will function when the temperature and humidity follow the setpoint.


Download data is not yet available.


Aprillia, D. D., & Khomsan, A. 2014. Konsumsi Air Putih, Status Gizi, dan Status Kesehatan Penghuni Panti Werda di Kabupaten Pacitan. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan. 9 (3): 167-172.

Benton, D. 2011. Dehydration Influences Mood and Cognition: a Plausible Hypothesis? Journal Nutrients. 3 (5): 559-565.

Burton, C., Adisesh, A., Burton, C., & Chan, X. H. 2020. The Efficacy of PPE for Covid-19-Type Respiratory Illnesses in Primary and Community Care Staff. British Journal of General Practice. 70 (4): 1-4.

Coca, A., Quinn, T., Kim, J. H., Wu, T., Powell, J., Roberge, R., & Shaffer, R. 2017. Physiological Evaluation of Personal Protective Ensembles Recommended for Use in West Africa. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 11 (5): 1-7.

Davey, S. L., Lee, B. J., Robbins, T., Randeva, H., & Thake, C. D. 2021. Heat Stress and PPE during Covid-19: Impact on Healthcare Workers’ Performance, Safety and Well Being in NHS Settings. Journal of Hospital Infection. 108 (1): 185-188.

Fischer, W. A., Hyness, N. A., & Perl, T. M. 2015. Protecting Health Care Workers from Ebola: Personal Protective Equipment is Critical but is not Enough. Annals of Internal Medicine. 161 (10): 753-754.

Foula, M. S., Nwesar, F. A., Oraby, E. H., Foula, A., Alarfaj, M. A., Foula, H. S., & Mohamed, N. E. 2021. Does Wearing Personal Protective Equipment Affect the Performance and Decision of Physicians? A Cross Sectional Study During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 67 (1): 1-5.

Gibson, S., Gunn, P., & Maughan, R. J. 2012. Hydration, Water Intake, and Beverage Consumption Habits among Adults. Nutrition Bulletin. 37 (3): 182-192.

Gutiérrez, D. R., Char, C., Escalona, V. H., Chaves, A. R., & Rodriguez, S. D. 2015. Application of UVC Radiation in the Conservation of Minimally Processed Rocket (Eruca Sativa Mill.). Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 39 (6): 3117–3127.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2020. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19). URL: Diakses tanggal 28 Juni 2021.

Kulkarni, G. K. 2007. Construction Industry: More Needs to be Done. Indian Journal of Occupational and Enviromental Medicine. 11 (1): 1-2.
Locatelli, S. M., Lavela, S. L., & Gosch, M. 2014. Health Care Workers’ Reported Discomfort while Wearing Filtering Face Piece Respirators. Workplace Health and Safety. 62 (9): 362-368.

Moore, D., Gamage, B., Bryce, E., Copes, R., & Yassi, A. 2005. Protecting Health Care Workers from SARS and Other Respiratory Pathogens: Organizational and Individual Factors that Affect Adherence to Infection Control Guidelines. American Journal of Infection Control. 33 (2): 88-96.

Morabito, M., Messeri, A., Crisci, A., Pratali, L., Bonafede, M., & Marinaccio, A. 2020. Heat Warning and Public and Workers' Health at the Time of Covid-19 Pandemic. Science of the Total Environment. 738 (1): 1-6.

Muvianto, C. M., & Yuniarto, K. 2020. Pemanfaatan UVC Chamber sebagai Disinfektan Alat Pelindung Diri untuk Pencegahan Penyebaran Virus Corona. Jurnal Abdi Insani Universitas Mataram. 7 (1): 87-92.

Ong, J. J., Bharatendu, C., Goh, Y., Tang, J. Z., Sooi, K. W., Tan, Y. L., . . . Sharma, V. K. 2020. Headaches Associated with Personal Protective Equipment – A Cross Sectional Study Among Frontline Healthcare Workers. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain. 60 (5): 864-877.

Shenal, B. V., Radonovich, L. J., Cheng, J., Hodgson, M., & Bender, B. S. 2012. Discomfort and Exertion Associated with Prolonged Wear of Respiratory Protection in a Health Care Setting. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 9 (1): 59-64.

Sterman, Y., Tarazi, E., Berman, O., Gur, Y., Parnas, H., Tareef, R., & Arwas, S. 2021. Safety on Demand: A Case Study for the Design and Manufacturing on Demand of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Safety Science. 136 (1): 1-6.

Susilo, A., Rumende, C. M., Pitoyo, C. W., Santoso, W. D., Yulianti, M., Herikurniawan, . . . Yunihastuti, E. 2020. Coronavirus Disease 2019: Tinjauan Literatur Terkini. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia. 7 (1): 45-67.

Tumram, N. K. 2020. Personal Protective Equipment and Personal Cooling Garments to Reduce Heat Related Stress and Injuries. Medico Legal Journal. 88 (1): 1-4.
UNS. 2020. Dosen FK UNS Berinovasi Menciptakan APD. URL: Diakses tanggal 24 Juni 2021.

Vidua, R. K., Chouksey, V. K., Bhargava, D. C., & Kumar, J. 2020. Problems Arising from PPE when Worn for Long Periods. Medico Legal Journal. 88 (15): 47-49.
WHO. 2020a. Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Waste for the Covid-19 Virus. URL: Diakses tanggal 24 Juni 2021.

WHO. 2020b. Rational Use of Personal Protective Equipment for Covid-19 and Considerations during Severe Shortages. URL: Diakses tanggal 25 Juni 2021.
How to Cite
Fadilla, R. (2021). IoT-Based Personal Protective Equipment Monitoring System to Prevent the Risk of Dehydration in Health Workers for COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Science, Technology & Management, 2(5), 1600-1607.

Most read articles by the same author(s)