Analysis Of Anxiety Levels Of Pregnant Women During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Indonesia
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) is a new type of disease caused by the Sars-CoV-2 virus. The unpredictability of the Covid-19 pandemic makes people prone to severe anxiety. Anxiety is a normal reaction to uncertainty and things that may harm. Research has shown that pregnant women are especially prone to anxiety with the prevalence of gestational anxiety. The impact of the COVID–19 pandemic on pregnancy-related anxiety has yet to be systematically studied. This research aims to assess the level of anxiety of pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic and to analyze the causes. This type of research is descriptive-analytic with the cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted in March-April 2020 with a total of 154 pregnant women respondents from various regions in Indonesia. The results showed that the majority of respondents were not anxious, namely 89 respondents (57.8%), respondents with mild anxiety were 58 respondents (37.7%), moderate anxiety was 5 respondents (3.2%) and severe anxiety was 2 respondents (1.3%). The low rate of anxiety in pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic was due to the availability of information about the causes, modes of transmission, and massive prevention of Covid-19 through various media as well as guaranteed services and availability of health facilities.
Panahi L, Amiri M, Pouy S. Risks of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in Pregnancy; a Narrative Review. Arch Acad Emerg Med [Internet]. 2020;8(1):e34. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32232217
Cucinotta D, Vanelli M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acta Biomedica. 2020.
Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19. Pedoman Penanganan Cepat Medis dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Covid-19 di Indonesia [Internet]. 23 Maret. 2020. 1–38 p. Available from: http://www.covid19.go.id
Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Germas. 2020;0–115.
POGI. Rekomendasi Penanganan Infeksi Virus Corona (COVID-19) Pada Maternal (Hamil, Bersalin, dan Nifas). Perkumpulan Obstet dan Ginekol Indones. 2020;
Durankuş F, Aksu E. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. J Matern Neonatal Med. 2020;
Fakari FR, Simbar M. Coronavirus pandemic and worries during pregnancy; a letter to editor. Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine. 2020.
Canadian Mental Health Association BD. COVID-19 and Anxiety. In: 2020 [Internet]. Heretohelp; Available from: https://www.heretohelp.bc.ca/infosheet/covid-19-and-anxiety
Kajdy A, Feduniw S, Ajdacka U, Modzelewski J, Baranowska B, Sys D, et al. Risk factors for anxiety and depression among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: A web-based cross-sectional survey. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020;
Dunkel Schetter C, Tanner L. Anxiety, depression and stress in pregnancy: Implications for mothers, children, research, and practice. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 2012.
Silva MM de J, Nogueira DA, Clapis MJ, Leite EPRC. Anxiety in pregnancy: Prevalence and associated factors. Rev da Esc Enferm. 2017;51(September).
Yulianti I, Respati SH, Sudiyanto A. The Effect of Prenatal Yoga on Anxiety and Depression in Kudus, Central Java. J Matern Child Heal. 2018;
Saccone G, Florio A, Aiello F, Venturella R, De Angelis MC, Locci M, et al. Psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2020.
Rallis S, Skouteris H, McCabe M, Milgrom J. A prospective examination of depression, anxiety and stress throughout pregnancy. Women and Birth. 2014;
Strijbos J. Educational level as a predictor for anxiety and depression in ICD-patients. 2016;(June):1–19.
Laleh Babanazari 1 MKDS. Relationship of Pregnancy Anxiety to its Different Periods, Sexual Satisfaction and Demographic Factors. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol [Internet]. 2008;14(2 (8-2008)):206–2013. Available from: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=473&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Nekoee T, Zarei M. Evaluation the Anxiety Status of Pregnant Women in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy and Fear of Childbirth and Related Factors. Br J Med Med Res. 2015;9(12):1–8.
Ravaldi C, Wilson A, Ricca V, Homer C, Vannacci A. Pregnant women voice their concerns and birth expectations during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy. Women and Birth [Internet]. 2020;(2019). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2020.07.002
Fall A, Goulet L, Vézina M. Comparative study of major depressive symptoms among pregnant women by employment status. Springerplus. 2013;
Kloos JA, Daly BJ. Effect of a family-maintained progress journal on anxiety of families of critically ill patients. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly. 2008.
Anwar J, Mpofu E, Matthews LR, Shadoul AF, Brock KE. Reproductive health and access to healthcare facilities: Risk factors for depression and anxiety in women with an earthquake experience. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2011;11(1):523. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/523
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Science, Technology & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.