Training Model To Improve CompetencyState Civil Apparatus Supervisory Officer

  • Ade Suhendar Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Mohammad Fakry Gaffar
  • Cucu Yuniarsih
  • Asep Suryana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Sri Mulyani
Keywords: State Civil Aparratus, Competency, Training Model

Abstract

Due to the development of technology and organizational needs, the competence of the State Civil Apparatus has increased significantly, necessitating the adjustment of improvement techniques. Furthermore, the lack of a role for the sending agency in training continues to be an impediment to the intersperity between competence needs and the implementation system. This research focuses on how the competency-based training model is applied, as well as the function and impact of supervisory authorities' training results on enhancing performance. This study uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to obtain results that are relevant to the needs, and it was conducted at the State Administration Agency's Center for Training and Development and Competency Mapping of State Civil Apparatus with alumni research training supervisory officials in 2018, 2019, and 2020. According to the findings of the study, the training has not taken advantage of technological advancements or maximized the role of the sending agency, so there are still difficulties and limits in its execution, particularly in terms of location and time. To meet these issues, a training model must be developed that focuses on ensuring the organizer's competency.

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References

Amin Nurita Fajar Astuti, Samsudi, Widiyanto. (2015). Pengembangan Model Pelatihan “IVCT” untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Profesional. Jurnal Penelitian Tindakan Sekolah dan Kepegawaian, Vol. 2, No. 1, Juni 2015. ISSN : 2355-9683.
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Becker, M. dan Arnold, J. (2010). Mobile Marketing For Dummies. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing.
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Conley, Quincy., Heather S., and Carrie Lewis Miller. (2017). The Flipped Training Model: Six Steps For Getting Employees To Flip Out Over Training. International Society for Performance Improvement. Vol 56. No. 5 May/June. DOI: 10.1002/21692.
Creswell, J., W. (2015). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed; Cetakan ke-2. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Daft (2019). Manajemen (Fifth Edition). Nasville :Tennessee.
Dessler, Gary. (2004). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Buku 1 dan 2 (Alih Bahasa). Jakarta: PT. Indeks
Drucker, Peter.F. (1999). Manajemen: Tugas, Tanggung Jawab dan Praktek. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.
Edison Siregar. (2018). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Manajemen Pendidikan dan Pelatihan (Diklat) dala Upaya Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM). Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan. Volume 11 Nomor 2 Juli 2018 : 153-166.
Emha Himayaturohmah. (2019). Evaluasi Penerapan Pendekatan Saintifik dalam menciptakan Interaksi Edukatif pada Pelatihan : Studi pada Diklat Model-model Pembelajaran Kota Bekasi. Dialog, Vol. 42, No. 1, Juni 2019.
Feti Fatimah Maulyan. (2019). Peran Pelatihan guna Meningkatkan Kualitas Sumber Daya Manusia dan Pengembangan Karier: Theoritical Review. Jurnal Sain Manajemen. Vol. 1 No. 1 Agustus 2019.
Frederick, C William, Keith Davis and James E. Post. (1998). Business and Siciety, Coeporate Strategy, Public Policy, Ethics, Sixth Edition (New York : McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
Filippetti, Andrea., Frederick Guy and Simona Lammarino. (2018). Regional Disparaties in The Effect of Training on Employment. Regional Studies. DOI:10.1080/00343404.2018.1455177. ISSN. 0034-3404.
Gaffar, F.M. (2012). Strategies in Managing Reform of Indonesian Educational Development (D. Sudana & A.D. Bachari (eds)). UPI Press.
Geetha, R. Rani., Deepa Dave. (2012). Competency-Based Training Needs Assessment Model. Journal of Business Management and Human Resources. Vol. 37. No. 3. Pp. 195-207. DOI: 10.1177.
Greenhaus, Jeffrey H., Callanan, G. A., & Godshalk, V. M. (2000).Career Management (Third Edition). Harcourt College Publishers.
Hargreaves, Pat & Jarvis, Peter. (2000).The Human Resource Development Handbook. London: Kogan Page.
Heifetz, Ronald A., Grashow, Alexander, dan Linsky, Marty (2009). Praktik Kepemimpinan Adaptif: Alat dan Taktik untuk Mengubah Organisasi Anda dan Dunia. Harvard Business Review Press.
Helfat, C. E., & Peteraf, M. A. (2015). Managerial cognitive capabilities and the microfoundations of dynamic capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 36(6), 831–850.
Hunger, D.J., dan Wheelen, L. Thomas, (2012), Strategic Management and Business Policy,(13th Edition). United States of America: Pearson.
John Lee, Gregory. (2015). Training Match and Mismatch as a Driver of Key Employee Behaviours. Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 25. No. 4. Pp.478-495.
Jones, D.C., Kalmi, P. and Kauhanen, A. (2012). The Effect of General and Firm-Specific Training on Wages and Performance: Evidence from Banking. Oxford Economic Papers, 64: 1, pp. 151-175.
Jumawan. (2015). Mengembangkan Sumber Daya Manusia (HRM) yang Strategis untuk Menunjang Daya Saing Organisasi: Perspektif Competency & Talent Management. Media Mahardhika Vol. 13 No. 3 Mei 2015.
Khight, Genevieve. And Michael White. (2016). Training and Employee Mobility in The British Provate and Public Sector. Journal of Routledge. National Institute of Labour Studies. University of Otago UK. ISSN : 0003-6848.
Koontz, Harold. Cyril O’Donnell dan Heinz Weihrich (1993) Manajemen; Jilid 1 Edisi Kedelapan. penerjemah, Gunawan Hutauruk. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Kyndt, Eva., Natalie Govaerts, Trees Class. (2013). What Motivates Low-Qualified Employees to Participate in Training and Development? A Mixed- Method Study on Their Learning Intentions. Journal of Studies in Continuing Education. Vo. 35. No. 3. Pp. 315-336.
Lawler III, Edward E. dan Porter, Lyman W. (1967). ‘The Effect of Performance on Job Satisfaction’. Industrial Relations, a Journal of Economy and Society. Vol. 7, no.1, pp. 20-28.
Leary, M.R., Tate, E.B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A.B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, hlm.887–904.
Lee, G.J. (2012). Firm Size and The Effectiveness of Training for Customer Expatriates. Journal of World Business. Vol. 40 No. 2. Pp. 172-187.
Mangkunegara, AA. Anwar Prabu. (2013). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Perusahaan. Bandung : Remaja Rosdakarya.
Marco Guerci. (2011). Perspective on Practice, Training Evaluation: an Analyis of the Stakeholders’ Evaluation Needs. Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2011 : 385-410. DOI : 10.1108/030905911111128342.
Maulyan, Feti Fatimah. (2019). Peran Pelatihan Guna Meningkatkan Kualitas Sumber Daya Manusia dan Pengembangan Karir : Theoretical Review, Jurnal Sain Manajemen. Volume 1. No. 1 Agustus 2019.
Noe. (2008). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Mencapai Keunggulan Bersaing. Salemba Empat. Jakarta.
Noe, Hollenbeck, Dkk. (2005). Human Resources Management International Edition. New York: Mc Graw- Hill Companies.
Noe, Raymond A., (2017). Employee Training and Development. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Notoatmodjo, Soekidja. (2009). Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Nurhajati, Widi Asih. Bachtiar Sjaeful Bachri. (2017). Pengembangan kurikulum Pendidikan dan Pelatihan (Diklat) Berbasis Komepetensi dalam Membangun Profesionalisme Pegawai negeri Sipil (PNS). Jurnal Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Volume 2 No. 2 Tahun 2017.
Nick Blanchard, James W. Thacker and Sean A Way. (2013). Training Evaluation: Perspektives and Evidence from Canada. International Journal of Training and Development 4:4. ISSN ; 1360-3736.
Purwanto & Suparman, A. (1999). Evaluasi Program Diklat. Jakarta : STIA-LAN Press.
Richard Paul Griffin. (2010). Means and Ends : Effective Training Evaluation. Journal of Industrial and Comercial Training, Vol 42, No. 4, 2010 : 220-225.
Riniwati. (2011). Mendongkrak Motivasi dan Kinerja. Pendekatan Pemberdayaan SDM. Malang: UB Press.
Robbins, Stephen P. (2003). Organizational behavior. Pearson education. New Jersey 07458. 37-39.
Robbins, Stephen P. & A. Judge, Timothy (2011). Organizational behavior. Fourteenth Edition. Pearson education. New Jersey 07458. 77-89.
Rohman, Abdul. (2019). “Pembiasaan Sebagai Basis Penanaman Nilai-Nilai Akhlak Remaja“ dalam Http://Journal.Walisongo.Ac.Id/Index.Php/ Nadwa/Article/ View/462/422 Di Akses PadaTanggal 26 Februari 2019.
Sanders, J., and de Grif, A. (2014). Training, Task Flexibility and the Employability of Low Skill-Skilled Worker. International Journal of Manpower. Vol. 25. Pp. 73-89. DOI:10.1108/01437720410525009.
Setyani Budi Rahayu. (2016). Pengembangan Model Diklat Guru Sosiologi SMA Tentang Strategi Pembelajaran Discovery-Inquiry Bebantuan CD Interaktif. Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan, Magister Manajemen Pendidikan FKIP Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana. Volume 3, No.1, Januari-Juni 2016, Halaman : 131-147. ISSN : 2443-0544.
Sikula, Andrew, F. (1981). Personnel Administration and Human Resources Management. New York: A. Wiley Trans Ed. By John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Simanjuntak. (2005). Manajemen Dan Evaluasi Kinerja. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.
Sinambela, Lijan Poltak, dkk. (2012). Kinerja Pegawai Teori Pengukuran dan Implikasi. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Syaifuddin. (2018). Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Berbasis Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia di IAIN Bengkulu. Jurnal At-Ta’lim Vol. 17 no. 2 Juli 2018.
Sonnentag, Sabine, and Michael Frese. (2002). Psychological Management of Individual Performance. John Wiley & Sons., New Jersey. Journal of Applied Psychology 88, 3, 518-528.
Spencer, M. Lyle & Spencer, M. Signe., (1993). Competence at Work., Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sten Langmann, Stefan Robert Thomas. (2017). Rethinking Training Evaluation: Omnidirectional Evaluation, Range of Audience and Intentional Change. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 2017, UK. ISSN: 0958-5192 http://www.tandfonline.com/loi//rijh20
Theresia Natalia Tupan, Florebce D.J. Lengkong, Burhanuddin Kiyai. (2017). Pengaruh Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Aparatur Sipil Negara. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan. Vo;. 3 No. 046 Tahun 2017.
Yukl, Gary. (2005). Kepemimpinan dalam Organisasi (Edisi kelima). Jakarta : PT. Indeks.
Yuniarsih,Tjutju. dan Suwatno. (2011). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Bandung : Alfabeta.


Amin Nurita Fajar Astuti, Samsudi, Widiyanto. (2015). Pengembangan Model Pelatihan “IVCT” untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Profesional. Jurnal Penelitian Tindakan Sekolah dan Kepegawaian, Vol. 2, No. 1, Juni 2015. ISSN : 2355-9683.
Arikunto, S. dan C.S.A. Jabar. (2009). Evaluasi Program Pendidikan Pedoman Teoritis Praktis Bagi Mahasiswa dan Praktisi Pendidikan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Becker, M. dan Arnold, J. (2010). Mobile Marketing For Dummies. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing.
Benny Prasetyo, Joeliaty. (2018). Analisis Model Pelatihan Sumber Daya Manusia Berbasis Kompetensi pada Perusahaan PT. PINDAD. Jurnal Muara Ilmu Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Vol. 2, No. 2, Oktober 2018, Hal : 285-299. ISSN : 2579-6224. ISSN-L : 2579-6232.
Conley, Quincy., Heather S., and Carrie Lewis Miller. (2017). The Flipped Training Model: Six Steps For Getting Employees To Flip Out Over Training. International Society for Performance Improvement. Vol 56. No. 5 May/June. DOI: 10.1002/21692.
Creswell, J., W. (2015). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed; Cetakan ke-2. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Daft (2019). Manajemen (Fifth Edition). Nasville :Tennessee.
Dessler, Gary. (2004). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Buku 1 dan 2 (Alih Bahasa). Jakarta: PT. Indeks
Drucker, Peter.F. (1999). Manajemen: Tugas, Tanggung Jawab dan Praktek. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.
Edison Siregar. (2018). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Manajemen Pendidikan dan Pelatihan (Diklat) dala Upaya Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM). Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan. Volume 11 Nomor 2 Juli 2018 : 153-166.
Emha Himayaturohmah. (2019). Evaluasi Penerapan Pendekatan Saintifik dalam menciptakan Interaksi Edukatif pada Pelatihan : Studi pada Diklat Model-model Pembelajaran Kota Bekasi. Dialog, Vol. 42, No. 1, Juni 2019.
Feti Fatimah Maulyan. (2019). Peran Pelatihan guna Meningkatkan Kualitas Sumber Daya Manusia dan Pengembangan Karier: Theoritical Review. Jurnal Sain Manajemen. Vol. 1 No. 1 Agustus 2019.
Frederick, C William, Keith Davis and James E. Post. (1998). Business and Siciety, Coeporate Strategy, Public Policy, Ethics, Sixth Edition (New York : McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.
Filippetti, Andrea., Frederick Guy and Simona Lammarino. (2018). Regional Disparaties in The Effect of Training on Employment. Regional Studies. DOI:10.1080/00343404.2018.1455177. ISSN. 0034-3404.
Gaffar, F.M. (2012). Strategies in Managing Reform of Indonesian Educational Development (D. Sudana & A.D. Bachari (eds)). UPI Press.
Geetha, R. Rani., Deepa Dave. (2012). Competency-Based Training Needs Assessment Model. Journal of Business Management and Human Resources. Vol. 37. No. 3. Pp. 195-207. DOI: 10.1177.
Greenhaus, Jeffrey H., Callanan, G. A., & Godshalk, V. M. (2000).Career Management (Third Edition). Harcourt College Publishers.
Hargreaves, Pat & Jarvis, Peter. (2000).The Human Resource Development Handbook. London: Kogan Page.
Heifetz, Ronald A., Grashow, Alexander, dan Linsky, Marty (2009). Praktik Kepemimpinan Adaptif: Alat dan Taktik untuk Mengubah Organisasi Anda dan Dunia. Harvard Business Review Press.
Helfat, C. E., & Peteraf, M. A. (2015). Managerial cognitive capabilities and the microfoundations of dynamic capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 36(6), 831–850.
Hunger, D.J., dan Wheelen, L. Thomas, (2012), Strategic Management and Business Policy,(13th Edition). United States of America: Pearson.
John Lee, Gregory. (2015). Training Match and Mismatch as a Driver of Key Employee Behaviours. Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 25. No. 4. Pp.478-495.
Jones, D.C., Kalmi, P. and Kauhanen, A. (2012). The Effect of General and Firm-Specific Training on Wages and Performance: Evidence from Banking. Oxford Economic Papers, 64: 1, pp. 151-175.
Jumawan. (2015). Mengembangkan Sumber Daya Manusia (HRM) yang Strategis untuk Menunjang Daya Saing Organisasi: Perspektif Competency & Talent Management. Media Mahardhika Vol. 13 No. 3 Mei 2015.
Khight, Genevieve. And Michael White. (2016). Training and Employee Mobility in The British Provate and Public Sector. Journal of Routledge. National Institute of Labour Studies. University of Otago UK. ISSN : 0003-6848.
Koontz, Harold. Cyril O’Donnell dan Heinz Weihrich (1993) Manajemen; Jilid 1 Edisi Kedelapan. penerjemah, Gunawan Hutauruk. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Kyndt, Eva., Natalie Govaerts, Trees Class. (2013). What Motivates Low-Qualified Employees to Participate in Training and Development? A Mixed- Method Study on Their Learning Intentions. Journal of Studies in Continuing Education. Vo. 35. No. 3. Pp. 315-336.
Lawler III, Edward E. dan Porter, Lyman W. (1967). ‘The Effect of Performance on Job Satisfaction’. Industrial Relations, a Journal of Economy and Society. Vol. 7, no.1, pp. 20-28.
Leary, M.R., Tate, E.B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A.B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, hlm.887–904.
Lee, G.J. (2012). Firm Size and The Effectiveness of Training for Customer Expatriates. Journal of World Business. Vol. 40 No. 2. Pp. 172-187.
Mangkunegara, AA. Anwar Prabu. (2013). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Perusahaan. Bandung : Remaja Rosdakarya.
Marco Guerci. (2011). Perspective on Practice, Training Evaluation: an Analyis of the Stakeholders’ Evaluation Needs. Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2011 : 385-410. DOI : 10.1108/030905911111128342.
Maulyan, Feti Fatimah. (2019). Peran Pelatihan Guna Meningkatkan Kualitas Sumber Daya Manusia dan Pengembangan Karir : Theoretical Review, Jurnal Sain Manajemen. Volume 1. No. 1 Agustus 2019.
Noe. (2008). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Mencapai Keunggulan Bersaing. Salemba Empat. Jakarta.
Noe, Hollenbeck, Dkk. (2005). Human Resources Management International Edition. New York: Mc Graw- Hill Companies.
Noe, Raymond A., (2017). Employee Training and Development. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Notoatmodjo, Soekidja. (2009). Pengembangan Sumberdaya Manusia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Nurhajati, Widi Asih. Bachtiar Sjaeful Bachri. (2017). Pengembangan kurikulum Pendidikan dan Pelatihan (Diklat) Berbasis Komepetensi dalam Membangun Profesionalisme Pegawai negeri Sipil (PNS). Jurnal Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Volume 2 No. 2 Tahun 2017.
Nick Blanchard, James W. Thacker and Sean A Way. (2013). Training Evaluation: Perspektives and Evidence from Canada. International Journal of Training and Development 4:4. ISSN ; 1360-3736.
Purwanto & Suparman, A. (1999). Evaluasi Program Diklat. Jakarta : STIA-LAN Press.
Richard Paul Griffin. (2010). Means and Ends : Effective Training Evaluation. Journal of Industrial and Comercial Training, Vol 42, No. 4, 2010 : 220-225.
Riniwati. (2011). Mendongkrak Motivasi dan Kinerja. Pendekatan Pemberdayaan SDM. Malang: UB Press.
Robbins, Stephen P. (2003). Organizational behavior. Pearson education. New Jersey 07458. 37-39.
Robbins, Stephen P. & A. Judge, Timothy (2011). Organizational behavior. Fourteenth Edition. Pearson education. New Jersey 07458. 77-89.
Rohman, Abdul. (2019). “Pembiasaan Sebagai Basis Penanaman Nilai-Nilai Akhlak Remaja“ dalam Http://Journal.Walisongo.Ac.Id/Index.Php/ Nadwa/Article/ View/462/422 Di Akses PadaTanggal 26 Februari 2019.
Sanders, J., and de Grif, A. (2014). Training, Task Flexibility and the Employability of Low Skill-Skilled Worker. International Journal of Manpower. Vol. 25. Pp. 73-89. DOI:10.1108/01437720410525009.
Setyani Budi Rahayu. (2016). Pengembangan Model Diklat Guru Sosiologi SMA Tentang Strategi Pembelajaran Discovery-Inquiry Bebantuan CD Interaktif. Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan, Magister Manajemen Pendidikan FKIP Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana. Volume 3, No.1, Januari-Juni 2016, Halaman : 131-147. ISSN : 2443-0544.
Sikula, Andrew, F. (1981). Personnel Administration and Human Resources Management. New York: A. Wiley Trans Ed. By John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Simanjuntak. (2005). Manajemen Dan Evaluasi Kinerja. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.
Sinambela, Lijan Poltak, dkk. (2012). Kinerja Pegawai Teori Pengukuran dan Implikasi. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Syaifuddin. (2018). Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Berbasis Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia di IAIN Bengkulu. Jurnal At-Ta’lim Vol. 17 no. 2 Juli 2018.
Sonnentag, Sabine, and Michael Frese. (2002). Psychological Management of Individual Performance. John Wiley & Sons., New Jersey. Journal of Applied Psychology 88, 3, 518-528.
Spencer, M. Lyle & Spencer, M. Signe., (1993). Competence at Work., Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Sten Langmann, Stefan Robert Thomas. (2017). Rethinking Training Evaluation: Omnidirectional Evaluation, Range of Audience and Intentional Change. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 2017, UK. ISSN: 0958-5192 http://www.tandfonline.com/loi//rijh20
Theresia Natalia Tupan, Florebce D.J. Lengkong, Burhanuddin Kiyai. (2017). Pengaruh Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Aparatur Sipil Negara. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan. Vo;. 3 No. 046 Tahun 2017.
Yukl, Gary. (2005). Kepemimpinan dalam Organisasi (Edisi kelima). Jakarta : PT. Indeks.
Yuniarsih,Tjutju. dan Suwatno. (2011). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Bandung : Alfabeta.
Published
2021-07-25
How to Cite
Suhendar, A., Fakry Gaffar, M., Yuniarsih, C., Suryana, A., & Mulyani, S. (2021). Training Model To Improve CompetencyState Civil Apparatus Supervisory Officer. International Journal of Science, Technology & Management, 2(4), 1066-1072. https://doi.org/10.46729/ijstm.v2i4.252
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